Chapter 6 And 7 Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration Review Answers

655 Words Jan 22nd, 2015 3 Pages
Chapter 6/7 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Review

1. _Energy__ is required for transport of certain materials, movement, growth, and reproduction.
2. Define autotroph and heterotroph. Name the organisms that make up each. Autotrophs use the suns energy to produce their food. Heterotrophs consume other organisms to obtain food. Plants Animals
3. ___Sun__ is the ultimate source of energy for all living things on Earth based on the cycle of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
4. What is the process by which plants capture and synthesize molecules? Photosynthesis
5. What is the equation for photosynthesis? 6CO2 + 6H2O à C6H12O6 + 6O2
6. What are suspended in the fluid stroma of chloroplasts? Stacks of
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ATP and NADPH
20. What does the Calvin Cycle require? ATP and NADPH Can it occur in light and dark conditions? Yes What does the Calvin Cycle generate? Glucose
21. Where does the ATP for the Calvin Cycle come from for the production of carbohydrate molecules? Light Reactions of photosynthesis
22. Where do all the carbon atoms in organic molecules ultimately come from? Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere
23. Why is ATP important? Essential for all tasks necessary for cell’s life
24. What gas is produced in photosynthesis necessary for cellular respiration?Oxygen
25. What is the equation for cellular respiration? C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP)
26. What process breaks down food molecules to release stored energy? Cellular Respiration
27. What occurs during glycolysis? Molecule of glucose is split, two molecules of Pyruvic Acid are made, and 2 ATP’s are produced. Is glycolysis an aerobic or anaerobic reaction? anaerobic
28. What is the process that takes place when organic compounds are broken down anaerobic (without oxygen)? fermentation
29. What is produced in muscles when you exercise vigorously in the absence of necessary oxygen? Lactic Acid
30. Name the three stages of cellular respiration. Glycolysis, Krebs (Citric Acid) Cycle, and Electron Transport Chain What are the two main stages for cellular respiration? Glycolysis and

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