Essay on Causes And Treatment Of Pad
PAD occurs when a build-up of fatty deposits (atheroma) in the arteries restrict blood supply to leg muscles; these fatty deposits are made up of cholesterol and other waste substances.
The build-up of atheroma on the walls of the arteries makes the arteries narrower and restricts blood flow to the legs (process called atherosclerosis).
One of the main symptoms of PAD is a painful ache in the person’s leg when they walk, which usually disappears after a few minutes’ rest (intermittent claudication).
Other symptoms include:
• Hair loss on your legs and feet
• Numbness or weakness in your legs
• Brittle, slow-growing toenails
• Ulcers (open sores) on your feet and legs that don’t heal
• Changing skin colour on your legs, such as turning pale or blue
• Shiny skin
• Erectile dysfunction in men
• The muscles in your legs shrinking (wasting)
These symptoms oven develop slowly over time.
Treatment and Management
There is no cure for PAD
These treatments will also reduce the risk of developing other type’s cardiovascular diseases.
PAD is mainly treated through lifestyle changes and medication.
Regular exercise helps to reduce the severity and frequency of PAD symptoms, whilst also reducing the risk of developing another CVD.
One of the best exercises for PAD is walking; the recommendation is to walk as far and as long as you can until the symptoms of pain becomes intolerable, rest until the pain goes away, and then begin walking again. Keep using the…