Case Study On The Acid-Base Balance Disorder Of Shauna

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The human body is built up with multiple organs. Each of these organs has a specific function or sometimes two. For example, the pancreas has two functions the endocrine and the exocrine. Also, each of these organs has to be balanced in order for us to be maintaining a good health. If these organs are not in the homeostasis state which means to regulate the internal environment and to maintain a stabilization, diseases can occur at any time. One of the disorders that can be seen if the homeostasis fails to occur is the acid-base balance. For a person to be in a good health, the maintenance of acid and base should be balanced in the body which is an essential function of the body in the biological process. The most important aspect in the prevention …show more content…
In the process of preventing large changes in pH, the body trades a strong acid for a weak acid or a strong base for a weak base. According to Aoi and Marunaka (2014), regulation of body fluid pH is one of the most important physiological functions of homeostasis, because activity of most chemical reactions via enzyme proteins is dependent on fluid pH. After the homeostasis has maintain, the lungs and the kidneys have to work together to keep the blood system in the normal range to help maintain the blood by affecting the components of the ammonia. The function of bicarbonate buffer is important because, the bicarbonate buffer system is one of the many major buffer systems in the body that helps regulate the pH in the body. The bicarbonate buffer system components can be added or removed from the body as needed. The bicarbonate buffering system in the blood, maintains a pH of a normal range of 7.35 to 7.45, and composed of bicarbonate ion and carbonic acid. Metabolism provide carbon dioxide that can replace any carbonic acid lost when excess base is added, and carbon dioxide can be readily eliminated when excess acid is added. Likewise, the kidney can conserve or form new bicarbonate when excess acid is added (Reddi, 2014). The buffer is formed when carbon dioxide dissolves into blood, forming carbonic acid. Carbonic acid and water then react

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