Case Study Of The Philippines And Thailand

2185 Words 9 Pages
I. Southeast Asian countries, due to their historical and social complexity, continue to deviate from widely held political theories. In this paper, I will employ the work of Alexis De Tocqueville and Robert Putnam to show how the Philippines and Thailand prove to be enigmatic in that regard. I argue that we see a largely active civil society but low democratization in Thailand and the Philippines owing to their authoritarian histories and lack of democratic institutionalization. I chose to use these two countries as my case studies because they share similarities in quality of democracy and degree of civil society activity; their histories are comparable and their futures seem parallel. In order to present a strong argument, I must first …show more content…
What was unprecedented about this organization is that it brought people from all political spectrums together against authoritarianism; the primary union of the masses. It is an encouraging phenomenon against authoritarian rule; but, fast-forward to the Philippines today, we see civil society partnered with yet another lesser form of democracy. Currently, the Philippines is still categorized as a democracy holding free elections, although President Rodrigo Duterte practices extrajudicial killings and has de facto taken away many civil liberties. His rule can be seen as undemocratic in many of the aspects I highlighted in the definition. So, all in all the Philippines is a case in which we see high levels of civil society merged with diminished levels of democracy, even authoritarianism. The Philippines is a stark deviation from the theories of Putnam and Tocqueville, stating that high levels of civil society are associated with high levels of democracy. Furthermore, I argue that the Philippines did not reach this high levels of democratization since they never reached extended periods of strong democratic rule in which those governing characteristics could be institutionalized in the country. The constant fluctuation of regime type posed a great barrier to democratic

Related Documents