Calvinism Vs Anabaptism

1979 Words 8 Pages
The Reformations that produced the Lutheran, Calvinist, Catholics, English and Anabaptists faiths was not only brought upon a change in doctrine, but also a change in the role of secular authority. Originally, it was the Roman Catholic Church, specifically the Pope, which controlled the lives of the people. However, Luther’s reform set the path for change. As people separated from the church, they developed the roles they believed the secular authorities should have in religious matters. In the Lutheran Reformation the church was subordinate to the state. The Calvinist reformers placed the church was above the state, the English reformers declared that the state was in charge of the church, and the Catholic reformers believed that the church …show more content…
They would not swear loyalty to secular authority as obedient subjects or soldiers; they were a divided people with many different, small communities. Each community differed greatly, and agreed upon different ways to rule together. They lived as equals in these communities and shared their collective wealth with each other. However, the idea of the separation of church and state helped guide the way for religious toleration and inspiring (Blosser, Anabaptist), for the most part, pacifism. However, because they did not follow popular doctrine and criticized Catholic practices, they were labeled heretics and persecuted. One man named Balthasar Hubmainer who turned to Anabaptism said that the burning of heretics was immoral; “Now it is clear to everyone, even the blind, that a law to burn heretics is an invention of the devil” (Janz …show more content…
The Lutheran reformation called upon German princes, secular authority, to help enforce the Luther’s doctrine; Luther gave them dominion over the church, and they were in charge of ensuring the people followed doctrine. Although Calvinist reformers believed in magisterial reformation as Lutherans did, meaning the church and state were interdependent, they used the Consistory to strictly regulate the everyday lives of the people in Geneva and to punish those found breaking the law. Catholics, on the other hand, gave more authority to the church itself than to temporal power; they placed the pope, Clement VIII, above all other authority. They were strict in their enforcement of the laws, they governed much of what people would say and do, and Roman clergy had the power to persecute heretics if they proved dangerous enough to cause another rebellion Luther like Luther’s. In contrast to everyone else. The English’s reform did not come from the people themselves, but from secular authority. It was the King of England, Henry VIII, who declared that he would be head of all religious matters in the country. Everything that was done was to supposedly increase virtue in England, but the secular authorities abused this power for personal gain instead. Lastly, the faith that differed most was the Anabaptist reformers. They went completely against secular authority identifying with the radical reformations in the belief that loyalty to

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