Bipolar Disorder ( Bipolar ) Essay

1299 Words Sep 18th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction to Bipolar I Disorder Bipolar disorder is a very complex disease that “generally consists of one or more episodes of mania usually followed or preceded by an episode of major depression” (Eaton, 2012, p. 16). Mania in bipolar I patients “refers to extreme elation and grandiosity that lasts at least 1 week… [and with] such a large deviation from normal behavior, they immediately generate problems for both the individual and those in his or her social environment” (Eaton, 2012, p. 16). Bipolar disorder is not a new disorder and is consistent with what was previously called manic-depression in the 20th century, with bipolar I representing more severe manic episodes and bipolar II having hypomania or less severe mania symptoms (Eaton, 2012, p. 156). Those who suffer with bipolar disorder have higher rates of suicide and hospitalization with a lifetime prevalence from 0.1 to over 4% worldwide (Johnson & Johnson, 2013). Bipolar disorder is the ninth leading cause of disability in the world with a GBD disability weight of 0.40, which “is slightly above that for major depressive disorder and nearly as high as for schizophrenia” (Johnson & Johnson, 2013; Eaton, 2012, p. 16-17). Bipolar I disorder has markedly more severe manic episodes that create heightened activity, high arousal, sociability, confidence, inflated self-esteem, hyper-talkativeness, and possibly engaging in high risk factors (Johnson & Johnson, 2013). While bipolar I disorder is consistent with severe…

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