Bipolar Disorder ( Bipolar ) Essay

861 Words Oct 30th, 2016 4 Pages
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that effects countless Americans and their families. There is a misconception that bipolar disorder is rare. In fact, “in a given year, bipolar disorder affects about 5.7 million American adults,” (Doheny, 2008). Although this number is relatively small, the patient diagnosed with bipolar disorder is not the only person that has to deal with it. The first step to coping with this disease is getting a diagnosis and understanding how this disease works is important. Second, there is not a set treatment for this disease, so having patience and continuing treatment is key. Lastly, it is important to understand what a diagnosis means to a person and their families in order to help everyone involved cope with this mental disease.

Bipolar disorder, “formerly called manic depression, causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression)” (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016). The disorder is broken up into bipolar I and bipolar II disorders. Bipolar includes at least one manic episode and bipolar II includes at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode. Every person who suffers from this disorder is affected differently. Symptoms of mania include irritability, distractibility, racing thoughts, and doing things that are high risk. It is common for people to engage in dangerous behavior when they are suffering from the “emotional highs.” Depression is the other side of the spectrum for this…

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