Essay on Bipolar Disorder : A Brain Disorder

707 Words 3 Pages
Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in energy, mood, activity levels, and the ability to carry out daily tasks. Bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.5 million Americans that are age 18 or older, or 2.6 percent of the adult population ("Bipolar Disorder - Fact Sheet - Treatment Advocacy Center," n.d.). Approximately 51 percent of the people diagnosed with bipolar disorder go untreated. There are two things that can cause bipolar disorder, genetics and brain structure and functioning. There are many symptoms to this disorder which can help in the treatment process. Bipolar disorder is caused by one of two things revolving around the brain, genetics and how the brain is structured and how it functions. Bipolar disorder tends to run in families that have a certain gene making them more likely to have the disorder than others. Advances in technology are improving genetic research on the disorder. An example of the technology is the launch of the Bipolar Disorder Phenome Database; it will be able to link the visible signs of the disorder with the genes that may be associated with it. Scientist are also studying disorders with similar symptoms like depression and schizophrenia to identify the genetic differences that may increase a person’s risk for developing bipolar disorder (“NIMH – Bipolar Disorder,” n.d.). Genes are not always the case for the disorder to develop, identical twins have been studied and shows that a…

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