Essay about Biography Of Bossa Nova, By Tom Jobim And Newton Mendonca

921 Words Dec 12th, 2015 4 Pages
Bossa Nova was a Brazilian musical movement started in 1958 with the song “Desafinado” by Tom Jobim and Newton Mendonça. This movement claims to the Brazilian Elites the art of music composition, which, since the beginning of the 20th century, had a very popular characteristic. Until then, the Samba dominated the musical scenario, and it was produced by the low class population in the rodas de samba, which were groups of musicians who would informally gather in bars to play and compose. Bossa Nova produced international hits such as Garota de Ipanema by Tom Jobim, reinterpreted by Frank Sinatra as Girl from Ipanema. Mammi (1992) says that Bossa Nova represents the Rio de Janeiro middle class; it suggests the idea of a refined life without being aristocratic, of comfort that does not relate to power. However, the artistic rupture between low and middle class did not last long, and, few years after its start, the new style would seek references in Samba (Naves, 2000).
At the same time, musicians from Bahia State, like Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil, revisiting the Anthropophagic Movement , a Modernist concept initiated by Oswald de Andrade in the late ‘20s, launched the Tropicália, a musical movement acknowledging that the Brazilian music was powerful enough to digest foreign influences without losing its identity. The return to its musical roots and the acceptance of foreign influence open the Brazilian musical scenario for a more inclusive and diffuse musical style: The…

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