Bilingualism And Its Effects On Cognitive Development Essay

1565 Words Dec 7th, 2016 7 Pages
Bilingualism by definition is considered the ability to comfortably speak two languages, but to provide a single definition is unrealistic since there are other factors that contribute to the definition of bilingualism. Those factors are context and the different degrees of bilingualism such as proficiency levels, fluency, writing and reading (Galante, 2016). In a bilinguals mind, it has been found that to some degree both languages of that speaker are constantly activated, even in situations that are considered monolingual contexts (Calvo & Bialystok, 2013). Studies have shown that knowing a second language can shape the mind in areas related to concentration and multitasking. Knowledge of a second language is also considered to have an effect on the physical structure of the brain (Stein, 2016). Bilingualism has been observed to have a positive impacted on cognitive abilities, through a bilingual 's lifetime. In a bilinguals speaker there is more cognitive demands that could potentially lead to various cognitive benefits of bilingualism. A language acquired through family or social context can positively influence cognitive development in bilingual children and adults, primarily attention and executive functioning (Carlson & Meltzoff, 2008). These benefits are often observed in tasks that involve salient conflict or selective attention. Bilingualism and cognitive development are connected due to joint language activation that in turn requires the presence of cognitive…

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