Benito Mussolini: Italy: Class Notes, Fascist Italy
B. Benito Mussolini/Italy (Class notes, Fascist Italy Outline Notes) 1. The war proved costly for the Italians because it costed 148 billion lire. WW1 created domestic confusion as inflation undermined the middle class security, and there was high unemployment/dissatisfication from …show more content…
People were realizing that democracy was a weak government and were willing to lose their freedom to have a stronger government. 3. Mussolini used anti-communism, anti-strike, nationalistic rhetoric and terror to help him obtain his goals. He also mainly used violence to gain support as he had squadristi who were bands of armed Fascists aimed on attacking Socialist offices and newspapers. 4.In 1926, all anti Fascist Partied were outlawed by Mussolini. This meant that Mussolini would never have any threats to his rule and government. Furthermore, anyone who had opposed to his rule would get arrested because he had a secret police organization called the OVRA. In addition, Mussolini created numerous Fascist Youth Organizations that helped him support the causes of militarization within the country as well as using the Youth Groups to complement the new education system in Italy called the Gentile Reform. 5. Mussolini attempted to gain support from the Catholic Church because it was such a great influence towards the Italian People. As a result, Mussolini gave the Church Vatican City only on the condition that the Church would urge its followers to support the Fascist State.
C. Hitler (Class notes, Fascism & …show more content…
Stalin removed the previous New Economic Policy introduced by Lenin in 1921 and created the newly formed Command Economy. The NEM which allowed some forms of private business was immediately stopped. Stalin’s new CE was only controlled by the government.
Italy-AUTHORITARIANS (Class notes, Fascist Italy Outline Notes) 1. Italian Fascism was based on the idea of extreme nationalism and the idea of expanding territory to be able to exert Fascist influences. During his reign, Mussolini recognized and identified modern Italy to be the ancestors of the mighty Julius Caesar and Renaissance Italy as well calling themselves, the Third Rome. For Example, Mussolini emulated Caesar for the Fascists rise to power and Augustus for the Fascists ability to build a Fascist Empire. 2. Mussolini showed that he had the ability to invade Albania and Ethiopia, both of which were the crown Jewels in the eyes of Italians at that time. 3. Mussolini used anti-communism, anti-strike, nationalistic rhetoric and terror to help him obtain his goals.
Germany(Class notes, Fascism & Nazism) 1. Nazism was based on anti-semitism, anti-communism, belief in a single leader, extreme German nationalism, and Social