Averroes Argumentary On Plato's Republic

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Averroes (1126-1198) wrote a commentary on Plato’s Republic, and to some extent supported Plato’s idea of a philosopher-king and Farabi’s equation of that Philosophical king being an Islamic Imam. Averroes saw common ground between Shari’ah (Islamic law) and Plato’s general law, and believed there was no conflict between religion and philosophy, and was a supporter of equality for women. “They should be educated and allowed to serve in the military; the best among them might be tomorrow 's philosophers or rulers” (Averroes qtd. in Lerner).
Averroes had a great influence on Europe during the middle ages, and all of this was due to his idea that religion does not conflict with Philosophy. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was one of those philosophers that emerged within that
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Locke like Hobbs assumes a social contract, and Locke also thinks people will voluntarily give up freedoms that they were born with according to Locke in the area of law-making. Locke has no particular views on which form of government should rule as long as it is based on popular consent but whatever government it is there must be separation of powers.
Montesquieu (1689-1755) was a philosopher who shared Locke’s ideas on separation of powers, and like many other of the philosophers like Aristotle and Plato was against tyranny. Montesquieu disliked despotism (a form of government where one person rules with absolute power, and wrote more on it than all the philosophers. Montesquieu does not make the distinction between governments based on virtue, he made it based upon whether the government rules by the fixed rules that have been established. Montesquieu criticized democracy,
“Limits ambition to the sole desire, to the sole happiness, of doing greater services to our country than the rest of our fellow citizens” (Montesquieu qtd in Stanford Enc. Of

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