Essay on Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome ( Autoimmune )

1355 Words Apr 27th, 2015 6 Pages
Sarah Minichiello
Survey of Microorganisms
Professor Sean Rollins
01 May 2015

Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome

Autoimmune deficiency syndrome, most commonly known as AIDS, is seen in increasingly high numbers affecting many ages and races nationwide. The CDC states, “At the end of 2011, an estimated 1,201,100 persons aged 13 and older were living with HIV infection in the United States” (1). This shows us just how much this virus is being transmitted through the United States, and that it can be seen in all ages. HIV is the virus that eventually leads to AIDS and is seen across the world. AIDS is frequently known as the final stage of the retrovirus infection, human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. This disease is identified as one of the deadliest diseases in history and the nation is slowly creating ways to decrease this. When a person is infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, they don’t always necessarily develop to the stage of AIDS, but they will be HIV positive for their entire life. HIV is made up of a central core containing two identical RNA genomes and enzymes: reverse transcriptase, protease and integrate. It also contains a protein capsid surrounded by an envelope made of lipid bilayer, containing glycoprotein spikes. This virus is sometimes separated into two different strands known as HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 which is the most common strand, seen across the world and is very easily transmitted. HIV-2, is mostly restricted to West Africa and…

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