Essay on Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism )

815 Words Mar 30th, 2016 4 Pages
Autism Spectrum Disorder is on the rise in the United States. The Prevention 's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network reported 1 in 68 children in the United States have ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). The autism epidemic appeared to have originated in 2002. Since then and up until 2012, about 839,275 children between 2 to 17 years of age have been diagnosed with ASD and of these children males are almost five times more likely to be diagnosed than females (Jolly). According to the CDC, "The total costs per year for children with ASD in the United States were estimated to be between $11.5 billion - $60.9 billion US dollars". Although, Etiology Scientists haven 't yet identified the conclusive source that causes Autism; there have been correlations that have been linked to the disorder, such as, hereditary, genetic mutations, and environmental factors that implicated in Autism. Neuro-developmental disorders are mainly represented by autism spectrum disorders (ASD) commonly known as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, developmental delays and intellectual retardation (Lao). Patients with this condition sometimes have the inability to cognitively function independently. To explain, these groups are often referred to intellectual disability. In order to be classified as intellectual disability, tests, such as the WISC-III and Raven 's Matrices, are given individuals to determine if their IQ is…

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