Autism Spectrum Disorder And Pervasive Developmental Disorder

1548 Words Jul 19th, 2015 null Page
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a pervasive developmental disorder that constitutes impairments in social reciprocity, behavioral development and verbal and nonverbal communication. It is often characterized by repetitive or restricted behavior. Autism being a spectrum disorder affects each child differently and they have different strengths, weaknesses and requirements. In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health – 5th edition, brought all different types of related Autistic disorders like Asperger Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) under the umbrella term ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder’ simply known as ASD. In the same year statistics showed that 1 in 50 children in America was diagnosed with this disorder and the prevalence was higher in males. The diagnosis of Autism can be made as early as when the child is two years old and Intervention Services, if started early, can contribute to meaningful gains in cognitive, social, emotional and language domains to facilitate children reaching their maximum potential. (Lerner and Lerner, 2014)
Initially scientists believed that genes alone were responsible for Autism. But recent research indicates that environmental factors too play a predominant role in triggering the development of Autism in a child genetically vulnerable to the disorder. Environment need not necessarily be pollution and toxins. The prenatal environment plays a crucial role in the development of the fetus.…

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