Autism Is A Complex Disorder Of Brain Development Essay

1347 Words Nov 18th, 2016 6 Pages
Autism is a complex disorder of brain development that is characterized in varying degrees of difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. This neurological disorder affects a child’s ability to socialize, communicate, and respond to her or his environment and is usually diagnosed before the age of three. Autism is a disorder that impacts males more than females. According to statistics from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, about 1 in 68 children have been identified with ASD. As this time, there are no known cures for autism. Early recognition, as well as behavioral, educational, and family therapies may reduce symptoms and support development and learning.

As the many families living with autism, CDC wants to find out what causes the disorder. Understanding the factors that increase an individual 's risk of developing autism will aid in further understanding of the etiology. The cause of autism is multi-faceted. There may be many different factors such as environmental, genetic, and biological factors that increase a child’s chance of having autism. A small percentage of autistic individuals have an identifiable Mendelian single gene disorder such as Fragile X, and also a small percentage will have a chromosome disorder such as Down syndrome. Usually, autism cannot be pinpointed to a single gene mutation or a single chromosomal aberrations.

Molecular chromosome studies such as…

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