Asthma Is A Common Household Word Essay

822 Words Nov 10th, 2015 4 Pages
Asthma is a common household word that many people use day to day. The word Asthma is often misused and usually correlated with obesity. Asthma is a chronic disease involved in the airways of the lungs. Asthma is the inflammation of these airways that allow air to travel in and out of the lungs, bringing the body necessary oxygen. Due to the inflammation, the tissue surrounding the airways can become swollen and the muscles involved with breathing can tighten, which can cause the symptoms that are associated with Asthma. These symptoms include but are not limited to, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and it is estimated that there are over 300 million people who suffer from asthma worldwide. (Barnes, 2015) As of 2012, In the United States alone there was over 7.1 million or 10% of all children under the age of 18 diagnosed with asthma. (Shaw, 2014) There are different types of asthma that can affect people, the four most common are exercise-induced asthma (EIB) or exercise induced bronchoconstriction, allergic asthma, occupation asthma and childhood asthma. The pathologies associated with the different types of asthma can all be diagnosed, and require different treatments to reach a desired functional outcome for the patient. The asthma pathophysiology can best be described as, “a chronic disease that involves inflammation of the pulmonary airways and bronchial…

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