Assessing The Coastal Vulnerability Of Sea Level Rise And Hurricane For The Coupled Human And Nature System

1364 Words Apr 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Research objective 3: Evaluating the coastal vulnerability to sea level rise and hurricane for the coupled human and nature system under consistent or even increasing urban growth process.
Question 3.1: How to define the vulnerability in the coupled human and nature system?
Based on the vulnerability conceptual framework in Turner (2007), three general components, namely exposure, sensitivity and resilience are considered. With the first two components considered separately for nature and human subsystems, the resilience should be quantified based on the past disturbances. As the vulnerability is quite context-specific, more detailed conditions of the local coastal area should be considered for a useful and meaningful result. The selected area in this study is Lee County and Collier County in southwest Florida, US. This region is tourism-driven and less managed as a sailing division since 1950s. It shows an obscure boundary of urban, suburban and rural landscape. The dominant low-density, single-family houses with large canal lots along the coast represent a low resistance to storm surge and hurricane wind. Population growth and the associated construction activities will skyrocket in the next 25 year in this region (Beever. 2009). The fresh water quality will be degraded due to extensive water usage and coastal salt water intrusion. Thus fresh water wetland will also be impacted. Improper land use and artificial drainage system will continuously drive the environment to…

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