2 October 2017
Ashoka- Ashoka lived in ancient India and played an important role as the ruler of Maurya from 268 to 232 BC. Ashoka conquered Kalinga due to his interest in their powerful trade systems and sought to force his rule upon the people of Kalinga, modern-day Orissa. Ashoka eventually conquered Kalinga and had almost asserted his rule over the whole continent. Pataliputra was crowned as the capital city of Maurya after Kalinga was conquered.
Brahmins- Brahmins, also known as priests, were at the highest peak of the caste system. Following Brahmins were Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras (in that exact order). Brahmins were very wealthy and were honored by lower-class people. They taught sacred books and …show more content…
He was referred to as “Master Philosopher Kong” and lived between the years 551-479 BC. Confucius’ philosophy struggled with the challenges of Daosim that came about 600 years after his death. He was born into an aristocratic family and was a very influential chinese man still well-known 2500 years after his death. (100)
Daoism- Daoism was created by a philosopher named Laozi. Both Daoism and Confucianism dealt with the problems of ancient law. The main difference between the two philosophies was the fact that Daoism focused on obtaining inner-peace while Confucianism was based on inter-personal social peace. Daoism attempted to find a way to allow people to live with the principles of nature that governed the world in harmony. (103)
Gupta Empire- The Gupta Dynasty, founded in 320 CE by Chandra Gupta, arose in the Ganges. The Gupta Dynasty had a state that layed in Magadha, known for wealth and power in the Ganges Valley. The Gupta Empire established alliances throughout the continent in order to maintain their power and land. The people of the dynasty were overcome by White Huns from Asia which lead to the dynasty’s decline. The empire eventually fell around 550 CE. (119) …show more content…
Altough Jainism dates back to seventh century BCE, Jainism wasn’t popular until Vadhamana Mahavira, a religious teacher, became a Jainist in late 600 BCE. Vadhamana was born around 540 BCE in north India to a kshatriya family. Jainist doctrine inspiration was taken from Upanishad teachings. Everything in the world - the universe, whether humans or the air, had a soul. The body was just a container for the soul that caused suffering. The only way to rid of the suffering was to ditch ones selfishness in order to escape their suffering. Some Jainist Monks took Jainism to such an extreme, they would sweep the ground to make sure they wouldn’t step on bugs as they walked. Of any religion in 600 BC, Jainism was likey the most demanding in terms of ones levels of ethics.