Aristotle 's Views On Human Nature Essay
Aristotle believes that in nature man is either a “beast or a god”, because without the polis, they are no better than an animal. He says that at the core, man is a political animal and it is in our nature that we progress towards our telos which is eudaimonia. It is only when man is part of a polis that he can truly fulfill this telos.
In a sense, Hobbes ideas are relatively similar to those of Aristotle, because he also thinks that man is better when he is part of the polis. Without the polis, Hobbes finds that life is, “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short”, because people are hungry for power. It is in his nature that he is always in “the state of war”, where he is in constant conflict and fighting for his own preservation and desires. He enters the polis to more comfortable preserve himself, in Leviathan, he explained that, “The passions that incline men to peace, are fear of death; desire of such things as are necessary to commodious living.” This is also because it comes at a price; To enter the polis, he must surrender his natural rights (pursuit of power).
Marx refers to the human essence as the “species-being”. In the, he…