Aristotle 's The Nicomachean Ethics Essay

2051 Words Oct 31st, 2015 9 Pages
In Aristotle’s book The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle defines εὐδαιμονία (eudaimonia) as the supreme good for humanity. When you translate eudaimonia it means happiness or flourishing. Aristotle defines happiness as the life of rational activity in accordance with virtue. People often think that happiness is a state of mind, but for Aristotle, happiness is like a goal or the final end that binds together the entireness of one’s life, “one swallow does not make a summer, neither does one fine day; similarly one day or brief time of happiness does not make a person entirely happy” (The Nicomachean Ethics 1098a 18). Virtue is more of a mentality instead of an action. Someone who is virtuous is naturally designed to behave in a justified way for the right reason, and feels pleasure when behaving rightly. In order for a person to achieve happiness in Aristotle’s sense, a lot of different things have to come together. First a person must be virtuous, have friendship, and understand the pleasures in life.
To be a virtuous person means to do activities out of voluntary action. Virtue by Aristotle’s sense, is not just an isolated action, but is a habit of acting well. Doing a virtuous action means that the person doing the action is deliberately doing it because he or she knows it is a noble action. There are a lot of different virtues that Aristotle talks about. Courage is one of the first virtues discussed. This means someone acts between the mean of cowardice and rashness. A…

Related Documents