Essay about Argumentative Strategies Of Plato Vs. Aristophanes

2212 Words Dec 16th, 2016 9 Pages
Argumentative Strategies of Plato vs. Aristophanes In Aristophanes’ “Clouds” and Plato’s “Apology” Socrates is satirically attacked and rationally defended respectively. The two argumentative styles of Aristophanes and Plato are on opposite sides of the spectrum. Aristophanes utilizes satire and humorous exaggerations of sophist teachings to denounce Socrates. Alternatively, Plato’s “Apology” uses logic and reason in order to defend himself against the charges brought against him. Both writings appeal to a wide array of citizens. Aristophanes eloquent and comedic play can appeal to anybody in the audience, and Socrates ability to simplify as well as articulate complicated ideas makes it so both the educated and uneducated can understand. Although both texts are effective in their own way, when comparing the two works, it becomes evident that Socrates’ use of logic and reason makes his defense the more persuasive argument when compared to Aristophanes’ “Cloud”. In Plato’s “Apology”, Socrates’ defense can be described as conversational, yet methodical. Socrates outlines his argumentative strategy in the opening dialogue, hoping that addressing the audience in an honest fashion would open their willingness to listen to his defense. Socrates says, “From me you will hear the whole truth, though not, by Zeus, gentlemen, expressed in embroidered and stylized phrases like theirs, but things spoken at random and expressed in the first words that come to mind,” (Plato 17b 6 – 17c…

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