Military: The Roman Military

Improved Essays
The Roman Military
The Roman Empire was arguably one of the most technologically advanced powers of all time. The feats they accomplished with their limited technology is mind blowing, even today we are still trying to figure out how they accomplished everything. The Roman Military is an example of how advanced the Roman Empire was during this era. From the incredible machinery to their quick witted tactics during a time of war, the Romans were the rulers of the world. Furthermore, they revolutionized military’s for generations to come.
The Romans put emphasis on their military power, their main focus was a formidable military much like the U.S has today. They trained their soldiers hard day in and day out, pounding teamwork into their practice
…show more content…
The Greek inventions played a vital role in the strength of the Roman military. Archimedes a Greek inventor was one of Rome’s most influential figures, and was also well respected by the Roman Empire for his inventions. He was born in Syracuse, Sicily in 287 BC. Not much is known about Archimedes mainly because he kept his personal life to himself. According to history he was murdered by a Roman soldier. The Roman soldiers had been given direct orders not to harm him. The story goes that he was carrying some tools in his hands and was murdered for these tools because the soldiers who took his life thought the tools were of great value. Although Archimedes was a great inventor he never intended to provide weapons for the Roman Army. After his murder the Romans took his work and used it to their benefit. Many of the weapons that Archimedes invented helped make the Roman Army the greatest in the world at that time. One of the most mysterious inventions he created was called the “Heat Ray”. This weapon worked off reflections of the sun, mirrors were placed along the coast facing towards the water and the sun. Soldiers would man the mirrors and point them in the direction of incoming ships, if the mirrors beamed light at exactly the same point of a ship, the ship would burst into flames. There is actually historical record of these being used, in the siege of Syracuse. There were reports of Roman ships that burst into …show more content…
After reviewing all the information I’ve gathered, I have a more educated view of how the Romans ran their military. While the Greeks may have invented much of the technology the Romans possessed, the Romans implement and perfected it and made their Army stronger and more efficient. Part of the reason the Roman Empire was so powerful is because of their strong leaders. The greatest of them being Augustus Cesar. Military leaders hold the soul of the soldiers, it’s up to them to keep morale high and keep the Soldiers fierce. One thing I can’t understand about the Roman Empire is why they decided to make their empire, so massive. The empire grew to be so vast and spread out, it was just too big to maintain. The Roman Empire ended up collapsing on itself because of its sheer size. Too much power only leads to self-destruction, history has shown us this repeatedly. Another issue that the Roman Empire had is that the wealthy stayed rich and prosperous, and the poor remained poor and could never seem to rise above the poverty. Much like current day here in the United States, where millionaires don’t want to pay their fair share of taxes and find loopholes to avoid paying. It’s a crime and they should be ashamed of themselves, I have no doubt in my mind that the wealthy Romans did much of the same. Overall I was very impressed with what I read about the Romans, I’ve been to Rome three times but never

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The Roman Empire is renowned for being one of the greatest empire of the ancient world. The military played a crucial role on making Rome’s glory withstand the test of time. In addition, it was a significant aspect of Ancient Roman society as it shaped the Roman Empire and the Western civilisation. This is due to Rome’s military potential to campaign a wide-scale war with its neighbouring nations resulting to form the Roman Empire. The military was regarded important as it influenced all the territory under the Roman rule to conform to Rome’s way of life and culture. As a result, it secured peace and order throughout the Empire. However, due to the military extensive campaigning, it led to hyperinflation and eventually the inevitable downfall of the Roman Empire.…

    • 1686 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    "BBC - Primary History - Romans - The Roman Army." Bbc.co.uk. N. p., 2018. Web. 13 Feb. 2018.…

    • 1814 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Roman Empire Dbq Essay

    • 485 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Roman Empire was one of the greatest civilizations in history, developing advancements in many important areas, like architecture and technology. Its culture was widespread, and it had a big impact on other civilizations to come. The main way Rome was able to become so advanced was being able to adapt to its geography. This allowed them to complete tasks more efficiently, and maximize the effectiveness of what they were doing.…

    • 485 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Roman Empire Dbq

    • 1231 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It is clear that for an empire to be a great power it must develop an impressive military, but Rome went above and beyond this need. “Basically, the Romans were more successful and more efficient in killing other humans than any other people in their part of the world.” (Tignor 256). They became so efficient by using the cities they conquered to create great forces of manpower for the military. This was a development not used by most in the Mediterranean at the time and so Rome conquered Italy at a very fast rate. In fact the whole peninsula was under Roman rule after only seventy years of conquering. The Roman military system that had developed enough soldiers for modern day war waged a sixty-year war with the Carthaginians, led by Hannibal. After six decades of constant war, and even with his war elephants, Hannibal was unable to contest the tens of thousands of Roman soldiers that were going against him. He was worn down and Carthage fell to Rome. This war on Carthage became the turning point in Rome’s success. Before the war Carthage was the major power in what is now modern day Tunisia. After laying waste to Carthage the Romans were now virtually in control of the entire Mediterranean. Besides their massive body count the Romans were able to employ a second war innovation. War ethos. The war ethos for the Roman people was far larger than any other empire…

    • 1231 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Rome Dbq Analysis

    • 732 Words
    • 3 Pages

    My class notes say that Rome was having problems with having a loyal and strong army. For example, there were, “military leaders fighting among themselves”(Data Set). Another example was that there were, “troops in battle, exposed to wounds because they have no armor, think about running and not about fighting”(Document 2). Also, “Hosts of senators, bureaucrats, and clergymen were entitled the avoid the draft…”(Document 3). The Romans were so successful that they started laying back. Because of this, helmets and breastplates were not being made, causing soldiers to die in battle. The army started strong but soon plummeted into failure, because of their…

    • 732 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The Rise Of Rome

    • 1795 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Not confined only to wars for religious or political reasons or against terrorists and enemies, Rome went to battle for the sake of its very survival. Their economy depended greatly on the acquisition of new territories, whose “plunder was a major source of wealth for commanders and soldiers alike...the Romans developed highly formalized ways of acquiring it and distributing it” (Boatwright 146). With each new conquest, the size of the republic ballooned, enabling them to control much of the trade and travel around the Mediterranean and replenishing food supplies through the annexation of hundreds of miles of farmland and crops. The quality of life skyrocketed with the influx of slave labor that enhanced the travel infrastructure with new roads, provided amenities such as running water from new aqueducts to beautiful bathhouses, and promoted religious zeal by creating impressive temples to honor the gods. The jobs that the military created provided an economic boost as well since “the boundaries between citizen and soldier were neither firm nor long-lasting, and large numbers of adult males performed both roles.... citizens eligible for military service came to Rome for the levy, or dilectus, in which some were chosen to be soldiers in the consuls’ armies in the upcoming season...after a season’s campaigning, soldiers were discharged, returning to their places in civil life” (Boatwright 76). Finally, the republic grew stronger as a whole by extending Latin…

    • 1795 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Roman Empire Dbq Analysis

    • 444 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Rome’s constant change of power made the Empire politically unstable. Within a 50 year time period, Rome had a total of 22 emperors. Of them, only two survived to rule for six years and were then both assassinated. Most of the emperors only lived to rule over Rome for only a single year. (Doc A) Without a strong leader that the people could trust, the military lost its determination making it grow weaker as time passed on. Eventually, the men in the army became so out of shape that they stopped wearing their chest plates and other heavy pieces of armour. Without the extra protection, the Roman army became susceptible to bow and arrow attacks making them much more vulnerable. They also stopped using certain weapons and tools that they had been trained to fight with in the past. Without them, the military's tactics grew weaker and less advanced. (Doc B) After losing their edge, the Roman military slowly got pushed back causing the empire to lose land that they had fought so…

    • 444 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the reasons Rome expanded was because of its disciplined military. They could also support their big population with the military, and in their military they had skilled archers and horsemen. As Rome expanded they built a stronger government. Their government at the empires early stages was more of a democracy where the citizens elected officials. After the Roman Empire expanded more, the idea of…

    • 386 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to Morey, Rome grew as it expanded its reaches across the Mediterranean, obtaining power over the majority of Latium, northern Campania, southern Etruria, the Sabine country, Picenum, and a portion of Umbria (Morey, 1901). Roman power also consisted of the thirty-three tribes, the Roman colony citizens who would colonnade where they pleased claiming Roman territory, and the Roman municipia territories. Along with the Roman owned territories, the Romans were associated with a multitude of allies through treaties that required their allies to come to their defense in an act of war. Furthermore, the Romans had a strong governmental structure that was in comparison similar to that of the Carthage, however Rome had better organization when it came to its government and perhaps, this is a reflection of the victories throughout the Punic Wars over Carthage. With a structured government, came a mighty and efficient army. However, unlike the hired mercenaries of the Carthage naval fleet, the Romans trained their own citizens to fight and when necessary any male citizens between the ages of 17-45 were required to serve within the army (Morey, 1901). Through experienced citizens and an amazing structure in which the army followed including, training, division of army, order of battle and the strategic placement of military roads; the Roman army was just as…

    • 1030 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Whether in defeat or victory Roman men were willing to fight and die for their country . It is said during that time there was no deadlier fighting force in the world than the Roman Infantry and I tend to agree. The men where highly disciplined and trained, displaying a precise and controlled method for violence executed by motivated young men with an unmatched love for country and freedom. The approach of a citizen army that has a set of deep rooted values and ideals is nearly impossible to defeat. The only way to conquer a military of this nature, one has to kill the idea or value, which can be done only through attrition. The enemy of Rome would have to destroy all personnel until there is no one left to carry on the idea or until it becomes an utterly hopeless…

    • 1051 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Fall Of Roman Empire Essay

    • 1159 Words
    • 5 Pages
    • 4 Works Cited

    In addition, Rome didn’t have new enlistments joining the army. Most people were too lazy to help fight and hired their slaves to do it for them. This was illegal but they found loopholes. The slaves that fought did not have the passion and desire to win. They didn’t care about the development of Rome because no matter what they did, they would be servants to it anyway. If you are not fighting to win, then what are you fighting…

    • 1159 Words
    • 5 Pages
    • 4 Works Cited
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Roman Empire Strengths

    • 462 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Romans were very observant people. They often learned from their enemies and took many of their tactics and made it their own, be it the development of ships in the First Punic War or how to counter the threat of Hannibal's war elephants in the Second at Zama. Another one of the greatest strengths of the Roman Empire was their administration. Their leaders came up with the ideas for the building the roads and communication tools that were necessary because of the large area of land that they had procured. Even though Rome largely expanded due to the threat of enemies all around their borders, their systems were effective to the point that it would take more than a powerful enemy to take them down. Due to the fact that the Romans had these great strengths they were able to achieve great things. The Romans developed many new techniques for building and the construction of Roman roads, arches, and aqueducts. The Romans were great believers in healthy living. They made sure that all the people of Rome were able to get medical…

    • 462 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A strong army, strong economy, and strong ties to other countries though trade Rome was prosperous. Power was mainly in the upper class’s hands, much like the Byzantine, Roman, and Persian Empires. A hierarchy was established and followed closely. Rome was not a dictatorship like Persia and Byzantine Empires; it was ruled by an emperor who has the highest amount of power, but a senate was also involved. The senate did not necessarily represent the average people of Rome, they kept the power spread out more. Throughout the development of Rome the power transferred from an Empire to a more democratic society (Lane,2015.). Only men took part in Politics, and most other things outside of the home. Women were educated but, much like in the Persian Empire, they were seen as less than men (Guiduce,2008). Unlike any other Empire, Rome had a clientages, or deal between someone who needed help, and someone that could give help. People exchanged work, loyalty, and support for shelter, companions, employment, among other things. Clientage was a moral agreement, unlike Rome and Persia whose slaves were basically property. War and army were vital to the success of Rome, men were prompted to join in return for land, or other riches (Kagan, Ozment ,Turner, Frank, 2011. The Roman army was different from the Persia in the ways technique, skill and organization. Rome’s army, like Greece’s was well organized and…

    • 1102 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The first part between this comparison of militaries will be the military of Rome. The Roman Legion was a military unit of 5,000 soldiers that was supported by cavalry. They were a big factor in the rise of the Roman Empire. The military of Rome was only open for male citizens that lived in the country. The military also tried to keep their focus on teamwork, and not individual power, unlike other countries did.…

    • 772 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Throughout the history of man, no civilization has ever been more successful or as influential as that of the Romans. Yet what is it that has made Rome so memorable to us? Stories of grand structures, powerful emperors and epic battles all come to mind when we imagine Roman civilization. Despite having knowledge of all these memorable features of Roman civilization, what do we actually know about the Romans and all that they had accomplished? An even more important question to ask might not only be why Rome is so important, but also how it has continued to impact the world even today.…

    • 1735 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays