Interaction Between The Persian, Greek, Roman And Byzantine Empires

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Throughout the period of 1150 B.C.E up until about 300 B.C.E the interaction between the Persian, Greek, Roman and Byzantine empires have shaped each culture. Through war, trade, religion, migration and expansion these Empire have clashed, and merged and scattered. Although Each Empire varies in core values, government, literature and art, it is easy to find connections to one another through the timeline of each individual Empire. The competition for territory and advancements pushed these cultures forward, in action and reaction to each other; each empire effected one another in unique ways. Some values and beliefs and customs carried on through time, changed to fit the needs of the individual culture or were tossed out altogether. Despite …show more content…
The Persian Empire bore a strict, yet stabilizing, government. Persia was ruled by one King, rather a dictator, who wanted to conquer all of Egypt. Similar to the byzantine ruler, King Xerxes imposed a harsh rule; he created strict laws and strict punishments (Huot, 2015). Under Xerxes aggressive rule Persia prospered. A large amount of lands were conquered by Persia’s large military. Unlike the Byzantine and Roman Empire, Persia’s military had many different branches; this was the key to its many successes (Guiduce,2008). The success at war led to success of economy, which you can also see in the Roman and Greek Empire. Unlike the Roman Empire, Persia took in the cultures they conquered to an extent, it was mainly important that people remained loyal to the king and gave them valuables. The Hellenistic culture of Persia stands out from the others because of the influence it had on the military, art and literature (Guiduce, 2008). Similar to Christianity and Greek Mythology, and Paganism, it inspired many to write poems, create plays, shape religion, and influence art and science (Kagan, Ozment, Turner, Frank, 2011). The Hellenistic religion was mainly based from the Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer. The Persians created roads systems, postal systems and put taxes on goods to put into the empire (Kagan, Ozment, Turner, Frank, 2011). Other Empires followed suit and used these ideas. The Influence of …show more content…
A strong army, strong economy, and strong ties to other countries though trade Rome was prosperous. Power was mainly in the upper class’s hands, much like the Byzantine, Roman, and Persian Empires. A hierarchy was established and followed closely. Rome was not a dictatorship like Persia and Byzantine Empires; it was ruled by an emperor who has the highest amount of power, but a senate was also involved. The senate did not necessarily represent the average people of Rome, they kept the power spread out more. Throughout the development of Rome the power transferred from an Empire to a more democratic society (Lane,2015.). Only men took part in Politics, and most other things outside of the home. Women were educated but, much like in the Persian Empire, they were seen as less than men (Guiduce,2008). Unlike any other Empire, Rome had a clientages, or deal between someone who needed help, and someone that could give help. People exchanged work, loyalty, and support for shelter, companions, employment, among other things. Clientage was a moral agreement, unlike Rome and Persia whose slaves were basically property. War and army were vital to the success of Rome, men were prompted to join in return for land, or other riches (Kagan, Ozment ,Turner, Frank, 2011. The Roman army was different from the Persia in the ways technique, skill and organization. Rome’s army, like Greece’s was well organized and

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