Aquatic Environments And How They Differ Essay

1520 Words Mar 6th, 2016 7 Pages
Aquatic environments and how they differ in chemical nature due to the effects if global warming

Introduction
The term ‘Global Warming’ refers to the process in which the Earth’s average, global temperature increases due to numerous trace gases in the atmosphere, which have the power to absorb part of Earth’s outgoing infrared radiation. The concentrations of these gases have been increasing due to human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, since the Industrial Revolution. The ability that these gases have to absorb radiation has lead to increased, warmer temperatures around the globe. These warmer conditions have resulted in ocean acidification and alkalinization of estuarine environments.

How Global Warming works:
The naturally occurring trace gases, otherwise known as Greenhouse Gases (GHGs), found in the atmosphere are, Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Water Vapor (H2O), Ozone (O3) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). The GHGs act as a blanket for the thermal radiation from the Earth’s surface. “Before human intervention, Earth’s radiation balance was in equilibrium, resulting in an average global temperature of 15°C. Without the presence of naturally occurring GHGs, Earth’s average temperature would be -18°C.” (Chemistry Explained, 2016). This major difference is caused by the natural greenhouse effect and is the reason why Earth is a habitable planet.

Carbon Dioxide is the byproduct of combustion, which is the burning of fossil fuels to produce energy. The…

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