Applied Behavioral Analysis Essay

1329 Words Feb 12th, 2013 6 Pages
Unit 6 – Case Study

Applied Behavioral Analysis II – PS365-01

Kaplan University
August 13, 2012

Behavior modification is field within psychology that specializes in identifying relationships between a specific behavior and environmental events as well as creating and instituting procedures that help individuals to change a particular behavior. When behavior analysts conduct research they use research designs that help them to identify whether a change in the targeted behavior or dependent variable was result of implementation of a specific treatment plan or independent variable (Miltenberger, 2008). This paper addresses the use of research design methods in a case study involving Martin, an ABA psychologist, who has
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Removing the treatment and reverting back to baseline conditions would increase Sara’s self injurious behaviors causing her to again get hurt. To eliminate as much harm as possible and depending on the nature of the self injurious behavior a much shorter reversal period could be used such as a day or a couple of hours. For some self injurious behavior removing treatment even for a couple of hours may cause too much harm to the patient so other research designs should be considered (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). Another aspect to consider in this type of design would be the time lost in teaching Sara new behaviors during the reversal phase and the possibility that behavior changes shown in the first treatment phase may not occur again when treatment is reintroduced the second time (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007).
4. Martin’s supervisor requested a graph of the data he collected when working with Sara. Why are graphs useful in evaluating behavior change? Using Sara’s case, what variable would be plotted on the x-axis and the y-axis? A graph is an uncomplicated, visual aid that allows different individuals to see how things have changed over a period of time. For a behavior analyst, the graph allows them to see how behavior has changed over time. Plotting data on a graph after observation allows for an immediate visual of behavior change as it occurs and allows the analyst to compare behavioral changes prior to

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