Aphasia Is A Communication Disorder That Affects Language Production And Comprehension

1763 Words Nov 4th, 2016 8 Pages
Aphasia is a communication disorder that affects language production and comprehension. Reading and writing may also be affected. Damage from a stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI), brain tumors, or a neurological disorder to the left hemisphere can cause these impairments, while damage to the right hemisphere may cause additional impairments secondary to language. Aphasia does not affect intelligence; it changes the way the brain processes information. Sometimes, not always, individuals with aphasia may have other difficulties, such as dysarthria or apraxia. Broca’s aphasia, or nonfluent aphasia, is due to a lesion in Broca’s area in the frontal lobe. Individuals with Broca’s aphasia have intact comprehension, but produce “choppy” speech, and typically have difficulties coming up with words. Wernicke’s aphasia, or fluent aphasia, is due to a lesion in Wernicke’s area in the parietal lobe. Individuals with Wernicke’s aphasia produce normal-sounding speech, but the words used may sound like gibberish. Comprehension is the most affected area of communication in Wernicke’s aphasia. Additionally, individuals can experience symptoms of both aphasias while only being diagnosed with one. There are other “mixed” or “hybrid” aphasias, but Broca’s aphasia and Wernicke’s aphasia are two of the most commonly known. While there are treatments and therapies to improve verbal output and intelligibility, aphasia is a chronic disorder that will always have some effect on an individual’s…

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