ANTH 1120 Midterm Exam Review Essay

2817 Words Dec 3rd, 2014 12 Pages
Exam Review: TERMS
Culture: The system of meanings about the nature of experience that are shared by a people and passed on from one generation to another, including the meanings that people give to things, events, activities, and people.
Ethnocentrism: The tendency to judge the beliefs and behaviours of others from the perspective of one’s own culture.
Ethnocentric Fallacy: The mistaken notion that the beliefs and behaviours of other cultures can be judged from the perspective of one’s own culture.
Relativism: The attempt to understand the beliefs and behaviours of other cultures in terms of the culture in which they are found.
Relativistic Fallacy: The idea that it is impossible to make moral judgements about the beliefs and
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Wallace.
Syncretisation: The combination of old beliefs or religions and new ones that are often introduced during colonization.
Creole: The formation of slave societies in the Caribbean in which elements of African and European cultures were merged, blended, or combined into something uniquely Caribbean.
Ethnography: A written description and analysis of a particular group of people, usually based upon anthropological fieldwork.
Nation-State: A political community that has clearly defined territorial borders and centralized authority.
Nationalism: Pride in one’s nation; the collection of people who share a common language, world view, and ancestry.
Multiculturalism: A Canadian policy in which all hyphenated cultures, such as African-Canadians and French-Canadians, are described and celebrated as part of a “cultural mosaic.” Contrasted with the “cultural melting pot” image that is used in the United States, as introduced by Eva Mackey.
Exam Review: SHORT ANSWER
What do naming practices in different societies reveal about their views of self?
The naming practices of different societies reveal how people conceive themselves and their relations to others. What name the individual gives demonstrates the important aspects of the self as viewed by that culture; North American businesspeople include personal and last names, as well as business titles. Moroccans from different towns exchange family names and hometowns, showing their view of the self as embedded in…

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