Ancient Rome And Ancient Chin Key Factors In The Progression Of Ancient Civilizations

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Human beings have inhabited this planet for numerous years, yet anything resembling modern civilizations did not appear until approximately 10,000 to 16,000 years ago. The beginning of this period marks when agriculture started to become a part of our societies (Hassan 2014). Yet where did this sudden itch for progression result in the direction of agriculture In the following proposition we will explore why water shortages, a need for water, and flooding in ancient times were key factors in the progression of human civilizations. Ancient Rome and ancient China will be ideal examples of this due to their distance in both time historically and distance from each other geographically. In this way, there will be a more thorough understanding of …show more content…
There is record of the earliest domesticated dog identified in the Nanzhuangtou Ruins (Yuan 2010). This settlement was near a small inlet in northern China. To relay into thought, a new settlement would prioritize necessities foremost before domesticated, non-food product animals. Later Neolithic documentation demonstrated some domestication of, "small amounts of pig and chicken . . . are present” (Cohen 2011). Along with domesticating animals, the use of pre-invented tools began to change as well. It was previously thought that pottery was created in Neolithic time, yet new evidence has suggested it was around in Paleolithic times. Pottery may have been present in Paleolithic cultures, yet Neolithic cultures furthered the use of pottery and promoted trade of goods and stoneware. Present indication of whether the ceramics would have been used for cooking or housing ware is identifiable through, “smoke blackening on pottery may indicate cooking over fire and therefore a new dependence on pottery in food processing” (Cohen 2011). New …show more content…
A great amount of this architecture was created through the need for water in the form of aqueducts. A journey through Rome nowadays will show you how integrated fountains, baths, and aqueducts were in Roman culture. These beautiful pieces of art are not scarce even in today’s world (Partini 1952). Aqueducts definitely played a major part in Roman civilization, but what about the history that led to them? Well, these regions had a very similar evolution as China. Where water sprouts life as stated here, "it is not surprising that the ancient civilizations initially established along banks of major rivers like the Indus, Euphrates, Tigris, and Nile” (Biswas 1985). Their cultures also heavily relied on agriculture to develop. Evidence clearly supports that as sedentary agriculture became the main food source, villages and towns grew as well. As to be expected, "water supply systems were important components of such early settlements” (Biswas 1985). The evolution of these waterways brought water to the city from an outside source. This proved to an issue in later instances. Invaders would attempt to cut off water supplies to try and drive the city to die of dehydration. (Biswas 1985). Water influenced even the tactical side of humanity. Tunnels were used in the defense of the city, there would be access to tunnels under the walls of the city and connect locations to these tunnels, thus providing the city with uninterrupted,

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