Analysis Of Plato's Five Dialogues By Plato

732 Words 3 Pages
In the book Five Dialogues by Plato in the dialogue of Phaedo we learn the philosophical point of view for the immortality of the soul. Socrates gives us two different views that he gives us facts and examples to prove. The first argument is the opposite argument. The second argument that is presented through the theory of recollection. The first argument that Socrates says is the opposite argument. This argument consists of two premises. The first premises says opposite comes from opposite. Premises two says that life is the opposite if being dead, and being dead is the opposite of being alive. Premises one is saying that all opposite comes from opposite meaning that short comes from tall and tall comes from short. Big comes from small and …show more content…
In this theory Socrates also gives two premises the first says all learning in this life is recollection. The second premises says if so, then our soul must have existed before it was in the body. In the first premises what Socrates is saying that we have learned everything before when we were in a different soul and now in our current bodies as we are taught things it is all in our brains and we are recollecting it. So everything we recollect is not new but information that we recollect as we learn. The second premises supports the first by saying that the soul hasn’t just been in our current body but that it is immortal meaning that even if our current body dies the soul will always stay alive. At the moment of death the body will die but the soul will go to another living thing. Therefore Socrates is saying the soul can exist without the body and is immortal. To prove this point Socrates uses the theory of forms which says that there are many forms of one thing but it is in a higher place or heaven. It is the one and only to really be or claim to be that form. For example, many things are considered beautiful like a dress, a person, or a piece of art. In the heavens there is the real beautiful and as we live on this earth we compare these objects here as beautiful because our soul has seen it and we recollect

Related Documents