Analysis Of Dickens Message In A Christmas Carol

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Register to read the introduction… He was a "tight-fisted" man who held money as close to his heart as Scrooge does. When Marley appears to Scrooge, Dickens describes the chain which Marley has "clasped around his middle". It is a chain made of "cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds and heavy purses wrought in steel". These symbolise Marley's selfish, covetous and obsessive personality. It is a representation of a message that Scrooge will only receive through the things he values most; money and wealth. Dickens is criticizing Marley's previous lifestyle and bring a socially conscience attitude to the way he lived. He is trying to make the reader see how much he despised the rich "upper-classes" approach to the poverty-stricken. He wants the reader to see ever so clearly, exactly what the story is about.

Marley tells Scrooge that the chain he bears is the chain he "forged in life". Made by his own free will and by his own free will he wore it. He then goes to tell Scrooge the nature of Scrooge's own chain, saying "Or would you know…the weight and length of the strong coil you bear yourself? It was as full as heavy and as long as this,
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When Scrooge first meets the third spirit, Dickens instantaneously depicts how the ghost has decorated Scrooge's room with "bright gleaming berries…crisp leaves of holly, mistletoe and ivy". He furthermore describes the food heaped around the Spirit's throne. By using words such as "luscious", "cherry-cheeked", "seething" and "delicious", Dickens makes the food literally leap out of the page and make the readers mouth water. He is describing all the traditional food you have at Christmas and is making the point that Christmas is a time to feast and be merry. At this point, Scrooge slips in the comment that the Ghost's family -consisting of more than eighteen hundred brothers- must be "a tremendous family to provide for". We see that Scrooge is still constantly thinking of money and that the Spirits still have a lot of work to do to try and change him.

The first scene the spirit shows Scrooge is that of people in the streets. Dickens portrays them as "jovial" and "full of glee". They are happy and full of anticipation for Christmas Day. Dickens is showing Scrooge how he should be feeling at this time of the year.

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