Essay on Addiction Is A Complex Disease

833 Words Apr 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
Addiction is a state that results when someone consumes a substance or involves themselves in an activity such as gambling in a way that it interferes with their normal life (Howatt 2005). There are various addictions such as drug addiction, gambling, food, internet, sex among others. Initially addiction was assumed to be a disease. However, recent research has shown that it is not a disease as it does not hold all the characteristics of a disease. In 1977. George L. Engel, a psychiatrist at the University of Rochester came up with the Biopsychosocial Model of Addiction (Fisher 2009).
From the biopsychosocial model, we understand that addiction is a “complex disease” (Howatt 2005). It may be influenced by either biological, social or psychological factors. Some addictions are brought about by relationships we have with other people. These factors are referred to as social factors. Biological factors are those influenced by the genetic makeup. Psychological factors are those brought about by our thoughts, feelings or the environment. We shall limit our discussion to the psychological and biological theories of addiction.
The biological theory is based on the fact that when a narcotic is regularly consumed, the body eventually gets used to it and cannot do without it. It is believed that the narcotic causes readjustment of the metabolism. The narcotic has to be consumed regularly otherwise may lead to withdrawal.
Studies have shown that alcoholism runs in families. In…

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