Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Case Study Essay

1025 Words 5 Pages
What is A.L.L. and its history? Acute lymphocytic leukemia, or known as A.L.L., was discovered in 1913. For leukemias, there are two main types, chronic and acute. Since this is an acute disease, it is very fast acting. If it goes untreated, then it can become fatal in as little as a few months. This type of leukemia affects, particularly, the bone marrow. It begins in the white blood cells located there, called leukocytes. Although it is primarily in the bone marrow, it does have the ability to travel through the body to different regions.

Incidence of Occurrence: There are approximately 6,000 new cases diagnosed annually. Of these cases, it is split almost evenly between male and female victims. Out of the known cases of A.L.L., there
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Caucasian males are the most affected subpopulation. It is unknown why this population is known to be affected more than others. Children between the ages of two and four years old are, also, known to account for two-thirds of the cases of A.L.L. Although it is much rarer in adults, A.L.L. is still a threat. Adults over the age of 50 have an advanced risk for developing this cancer.

Failures of regulations: There are many problems that could occur in the cell cycle that would cause the development of A.L.L. The evolution of leukocytes into blasts can become the early stages of the formation of acute lymphocytic leukemia. Another failure that can contribute to this leukemia is the uncontrolled formation of these blasts. If there are too many of these cancerous cells, then they will begin to attack themselves. The malignancy of these cells is the cause for this
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People under the age of 14 have an increased ability to survive five years after remission at 90%. If a patient is between the ages of 15 and 24, then your survival rate decreases to 66%. People of the ages between 25 and 64 have a survival rate of 40%. The likelihood of surviving five years after being cancer free and being above the age of 65 is 15%. As the patient gets older, their chances of survival decrease by a staggering amount.

Treatment options: For acute lymphocytic leukemia, there are a few different options/stages of treatment. To begin most treatments, the patient will undergo induction. Induction is the very beginning of chemotherapy. Within the first month, over 99.9% of the cancerous cells have the potential to be destroyed, but the patient will still be left with that 0.1% of cells inside of you. Even that small of an amount can cause the cancer to grow back to its original size. With induction, 95% of children enter

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