Essay about Act Utilitarianism Is Right Or Wrong?

762 Words Mar 24th, 2016 4 Pages
Act Utilitarianism differs from Virtue Ethics, Social Contract Theory, and Kantianism because it is the only workable ethical theory that determines if an action is right or wrong based on the consequences that result from that action. Act Utilitarianism relies on the Principle of Utility otherwise known as the Greatest Happiness Principle and it states that an action is right or wrong to the extent that it increases or decreases the total happiness of the affected parties. In this case, the affected parties are TJX, the millions of people whose credit card information was stolen, and credit card companies such as Visa and MasterCard.
Translating the effects of the breach into the same units, such as dollars, can help determine whether the consequences of the breach produce more benefits or harms among all affected parties. Jeremy Bentham also proposed the following attributes to help determine the weight of a certain pleasure or pain: intensity, duration, certainty, propinquity, fecundity, purity, and extent.
In July 2005, Gonzalez’s team of cyber criminals successfully stole data from every transaction that occurred “between December 31, 2002 and September 2, 2003” (Shaw) from TJX because their collected data was scanned from “payment cards without encryption” (Shaw) which made it easier to for the criminals to steal. Every customer whose card information was stolen is negatively impacted because not only was their credit card information was stolen, but other personal…

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