Essay A Salt Water Disposal Area

1668 Words Sep 11th, 2016 7 Pages
not currently used as a salt water disposal area. The Birds Nest aquifer area that has less than 10,000 mg/L TDS can be used in the future as a salt water disposal zone as long as an Aquifer Exemption is approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA Region 8 has jurisdiction over this area of permitting salt water disposal wells. “Wastewater injected into disposal wells may, in some circumstances, migrate to the surface or into freshwater aquifers” (Johnston, J, et. al, 2016). In the Birds Nest aquifer, the concern according to the UGS Special Study 147 (2013) are the gilsonite veins which can be inches in size to feet in size, fractures of the shale rock in the area, and the possibility of earthquakes due to underground injection.
The practice of injecting produced water underground started during the mid-1900s and is currently regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to make sure the USDW, environment, and the public health are protected. Produced water can be treated and reused for many purposes. Produced water can also be evaporated in evaporation ponds or can be disposed using an injection well. The practice of using evaporations ponds can produce air pollutants and harm animal species in the area of reviewing the area. The preferred and best safe method to dispose the produced water in the Birds Nest aquifer’s location is by using the salt water disposal injection wells. Produced water is also used for enhanced recovery activities in…

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