Essay on A Research Study On Cognitive Psychology

1477 Words Mar 13th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction
Cognitive processes such as reconstructive memory is the act of remembering which is influenced by various other cognitive processes including perception, imagination, and beliefs, amongst other cognitive processes. Can our memory be manipulated by misleading questions? We all have been asked questions in our life at some point. Did any specific vocabulary have an impact on your answer, or did you answer in a way that you wouldn 't have answered if a different vocabulary had been used?
The area of psychology being studied is cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with mental processes (such as perception, thinking, learning, and memory) especially with respect to the internal events occurring between sensory stimulation and the overt expression of behavior. Elizabeth Loftus and John Palmer conducted an experiment that an eyewitness memory can be altered by misleading question. In their 1974 experiment, Loftus and Palmer selected a group of 45 students and showed them a 5 to 30 second video clip of a car crash. Then they asked the students to answer a questionnaire concerning the contents of the video, which contained questions about the speed of one of the vehicles involved in the car crash. There were five experimental conditions, and each of the five experimental conditions had a different version of the question. The questions varied because the verb used in the question became more gradually and more…

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