Adolescents who experienced childhood sexual abuse are likely to experience psychological trauma. Several studies have confirmed that there is a relationship between CSA and experiencing psychological trauma, also known as psychological injury. Psychological injury includes “major depressive disorder, dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder, and phobic disorders, which may manifest themselves in the short-term and/or become chronic” (Amado et al., 2015, p. 50). Ivanov, Platonova, and Kozlovskaya (2015) divided the psychopathologic effects of CSA into three categories including acute, subacute, and remote. Acute is the immediate reaction to the trauma, subacute occurs six months after the trauma and is called post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and remote is the effects observed over the five years following the trauma and is defined as conduct disorder, otherwise known as personality development disorder.
Along with experiencing psychological disorders and trauma, adolescents who have experienced child sexual abuse are also found to experience sexual victimization.
Bransen, Lasgaard, Koss, Shevlin, Elklit, and Banner (2013) established that the biggest factor contributing to increased risk of adolescent sexual victimization is a history of CSA. While CSA has been connected to the sexual victimization of adolescents, the factors underlying this phenomenon have not been thoroughly researched.
Traumatic sexualization, a concept introduced by Finkelhor and Browne,…