A Just War: St. Augustine's Political Philosophy

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A Just War: St. Augustine’s Political philosophy
The sack of Rome by the Visigoths signified the fall of the Roman Empire, and the beginning of the dark ages. The dark ages represented a time of hardship, suffering, and warfare. Many individuals blamed the Christian church for the fall of Rome and the grief that followed thereafter. On the contrary, medieval philosopher and church scholar St. Augustine of Hippo defended the Christian faith in his book “The City of God.” In the novel he says the Roman Empire fell because it was not founded on the principals of peace and also that the idea war of self-defense is the only form of a just war that is acceptable. In fact, in his book, Augustine explains how the Roman Republic was created on virtuous grounds, but in its transition to an Empire it grew corrupt. Augustine acknowledges that most Christians hope to avoid war and the vices that follow, but there are certain situations where Christians must fight a just war. I support Augustine and his beliefs that a city will be
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For example, one state may seek peace through conquest, while another seeks peace through diplomacy. Despite having the common goal of peace, Augustine would argue a state seeking peace through conquest is unjust, because violence in the Christian world is only justifiable in self-defense. Therefore, a state that seeks peace through violence is immoral. Augustine uses Roman Empire as a prime example of this. The Roman Republic was originally built on the foundations of peace and virtues such as honor, courage, and compassion. However, the transformation from Republic to an Empire corrupted Rome and turned it into a city of vice. The Emperors were greedy and self-centered, citizens participated in human rituals, and they killed for sport. The Roman Empire was not a city founded on peace; hence, it was destroyed by corruption and lust for

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