Moral Evil In Epicurus: The Problem Of Evil

1966 Words 8 Pages
Epicurus was one of the first philosophers to consider the problem of evil and his question; “if He is both willing and able (to take away all evils), which alone is suitable to God, from what source then are evils? Or why does He not remove them?” , summarises concisely the issue which has been at the forefront of philosophical argument for thousands of years. To explore this question I will first consider what God is. In this essay I will refer to God in the orthodox monotheistic sense of the word as an omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent being. Likewise, evil refers to all that is bad in the world. Evil can then be divided into two categories- moral evil and natural evil. Natural evil is all bad that is not caused by humans such as disease and natural disasters. Moral evil is the result of the choices of hmans including greed and war. The problem of evil centres around five principles 1) God exists, 2) God is omnipotent, 3) God is omniscient, 4) God is wholly good and 5) Evil exists and the subsequent incompatibility of the existence of all five simultaneously. According to theologians, God created the universe ex-nihilo and by this logic God must have created …show more content…
Free will may be viewed in two opposing ways: compatibilism and incompatibilism. According to the compatibilist tradition an action can be both totally free and also entirely caused by previous events in that your choice of action is determined by your wants, desires, values, etc. Everitt describes compatibilism concisely as: “to say you act freely is compatible with saying that your action had a cause”. By contrast the incompatibilist view, more popular among theists, does not allow an action to be both free and caused by prior events. For a choice to be genuinely free nothing must occur which guarantees the outcome of a decision, prior events may only have an influence on the free

Related Documents