A Group Of Japanese Architects Essay

1798 Words Oct 5th, 2014 8 Pages
Around the 1960’s a group of Japanese architects presented the theoretical idea of Metabolism being used in architecture at the World Design Conference as a means to cope with the increasing population of major cities in Japan. The group was called “Metabolism” with members consisting of architects Kisho Kurokawa, Kiyonori Kikutake, Masato Otaka and Fumihiko Maki, architectural critic Noboru Kawa¬zoe, industrial designer Ekuan Kenji, and graphic de¬signer Kiyoshi Awazu (Lin 514). These Metabolists created architectural concepts which could adapt to the ever changing needs of individuals, societies and cities with ideas such as cityscapes built in the sky and sea, large metropolises that are able to change and adapt in coherence with its citizens. The Nakagin Capsule Tower (fig.1) located in Tokyo, Japan was built in 1972 and is a rare remaining example of Metabolism architecture. Designed by Kisho Kurokawa, the tower is the world’s first ever piece of capsule architecture built as a mixed-use building providing residential and office blocks. (Lin 518) Kurokawa explains the idea of Metabolism being based on two principles:

“To put it in its simplest form, the theory of Metabolism was based on two principles. The first was the symbiosis of different time periods, or diachronicity. The term “metabolism” was borrowed from the science of biology, where it refers to the processes and changes that a creature undergoes as it lives. The first principle of the Metabolist movement…

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