Essay on A Common Critique Of Erikson 's Concepts

881 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 4 Pages
rd to gender. A common critique of Erikson’s concepts is that his approach to gender identity development is male orientated and does not reflect the female experience. One of the most respected and well-known gender development theories is Social Learning Theory. Bussey & Bandura’s (1999) Social Learning Theory emphasizes the role of both modeling and direct reinforcement in shaping children’s gender identity. The theory maintains that gender roles and sex-typed behaviours are heavily influenced by social and cultural exposure. Bussey & Bandura (1999) also highlight the importance of parental influence in gender identity development. This approach to development has been more supported through research than that of Frued’s development theory (Boyd & Bee, 2012). As previous studies have supported social learning theory, it is safe to use this as a theoretical basis for the investigation into the effects Disney films have on gender development of children.

How men and women were previously portrayed in Disney films
With the pervasiveness of Disney in our culture, the films have often come under analysis. Most often, Disney films are criticized in their portrayal of gender roles and as a result there has been several studies conducted that attempt to examine this. A study conducted by Towbin, Haddock, Zimmerman, Lund, and Tanner (2003), named “Images of Gender, Race, Age, and Sexual Orientation in Disney Feature-Length Animated Films”, investigated the portrayal of gender,…

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