Essay on A Commentary On Plato 's Republic

1217 Words Dec 4th, 2015 null Page
Averroes (1126-1198) wrote a commentary on Plato’s Republic, and to some extent supported Plato’s idea of a philosopher-king and Farabi’s equation of that Philosophical king being an Islamic Imam. Averroes saw common ground between Shari’ah (Islamic law) and Plato’s general law, and believed there was no conflict between religion and philosophy, and was a supporter of equality for women. “They should be educated and allowed to serve in the military; the best among them might be tomorrow 's philosophers or rulers” (Averroes qtd. in Lerner).
Averroes had a great influence on Europe during the middle ages, and all of this was due to his idea that religion does not conflict with Philosophy. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was one of those philosophers that emerged within that period, and his political philosophy was a crosslink between Christian beliefs and Aristotelian political doctrine. Aquinas believes that humans are inclined to live political societies, political societies are economically advantageous and offer more protection, and to be fully human is to live a political society. “Aquinas mentions that one of the natural goods to which human beings are inclined is to live in society” (IEP). Aquinas believes the most ideal government system is a monarch, during this time most European countries were ruled by monarchs who were given the “divine right” (subjected to no earthly authority). Aquinas argued that the point of the government was to unite and make peace, so one…

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