18th Century Ottoman Essay

2186 Words Mar 21st, 2013 9 Pages
Honors College History 232
23 January 2013
Eighteenth Century Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire was a state founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in 1299. Under the leadership of Mehmed II, this fledgling nation became an empire with the conquest of Constantinople in 1452 by Mehmed II. The Ottoman Empire continued in its imperial form until it became the Republic of Turkey in 1923. As an empire, it was the most powerful state in the world with 32 provinces during the seventeenth century. In the last half of the seventeenth century, the Ottoman Empire functioned under the rule of the Koprulu family, a notable family of imperial bureaucrats from Albania who overhauled the bureaucracy and instituted military reforms. After the fall of
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As a result, the janissaries, who were suppose to be loyal to the Sultan, allied with Mahmud I in a coup and overthrew Ahmed III. Such a revolt by the janissaries became more and more of an issue as the century progressed.
Selim III’s rule as the last sultan of the eighteenth Century turned out to be turbulent as well. He took throne with the objective of reforming the empire. He had envisioned a more modern and westernized political and military structure. He developed a new Ottoman army by the name of nizam-i-jedid, where French and British officers trained the group using western tactics and weaponry. The program was funded through a separate channel of revenue system in hope of avoiding conflict with the already established branches of the Empire. He generated the program’s finances through taxation on the previously untaxed, salutary reforms of the fiscal department, and abolition of the military tenure of fiefs. The initiative, however, was met with much opposition. The religious leaders lead the domestic Muslims in a reactionary movement and called the reform of western military as infidel importation. The situation escalated when the Janissary corps joined in on the opposition against Selim III. Selim had made a devastating mistake of altering the devshime system to contribute a fraction of the Christian boys into the nizam-i-jedid instead of the Janissary corps. Once again, the janissaries reacted to the disapproval

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