101 Chambers Review Essay

1278 Words Dec 11th, 2014 6 Pages
James Taylor
10/15/12
State and Local Government

Review of 101 Chambers written by Peverill Squire and Keith E. Hamm Squire and Hamm begin their writings with introducing the reader to the historical lineage of American legislatures and their evolution from colonial days to the modern government. The colonial institutions "have greatly influenced the design of the new Congress under the Constitution" (Squire and Hamm 34). The bicameral system had its originations in colonial governments and the original colonial constitutions had a large impact on the future constitutions. The bicameral legislation structure that is now common in the United States began in the colonial era. The original colonies has systems that greatly resembled
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Turnover rates were high when the state governments were first formed and "available evidence suggests that legislative turnover rates did not begin to decline in most states until well into the twentieth century, lagging behind the trend evidenced several decades earlier in the U.S. House" (Squire and Hamm 142). I believe that states that have a higher turnover rate do not provide adequate legislation for the citizens they represent in comparison to states that have a lower turnover rate. States that have a lower rate I believe provide legislation that provides specifically what the voters are needing. Most legislators would like to continue their political career into a higher elected office but those in lower rate states will focus on their represented more than those that have the ability or the need to move to a higher office. Those in term-limited offices must always be looking toward the future and what they are going to do after their term is up. I will test this theory by categorizing the states into two categories. One category will be composed of the states that are classified as springboard states and those that have term limits written into their constitutions. The other categories will be the states that do not fit into either of those categories. I will then look at the type of legislation that is passed in the chamber from each of the two categories. I believe that the legislation passed in the lower rate category will be more focused on what

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