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15 Cards in this Set

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Mycenaeans
Indo-Europeans who settled into Greece
Trojan War
10-year war fought between Trojans and Mycencaeans
Dorians
Group of people who moved into Greece after the decline of Mycenaeans. Less advanced.
Homer
Great blind storyteller. Composed epics. Most famous: The Iliad
Epics
Narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds
Arete-
Virtue and excellence
Myths
Traditional stories about Greek gods
Polis
City-state. It is the fundamental political unit. Made up of city and surrounding countryside.
Agora
Marketplace.
Acropolis
Fortified hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city government
Monarchy
Rule by a king. Rule is hereditary. Some rulers claim divine right. Practiced in Mycenae by 2000 b.c.
Aristocracy
Rule by a small group of noble, landowning families. Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, wealth. Social status and weath support rulers' authority. Practiced in Athens prior to 594 b.c.
Oligarchy
Rule by a few powerful people. Rule is based on weath or ability. Ruling group controls military. Practiced in Sparta by 500 b.c.
Tyrants
Powerful individuals who come into power by appealing to the common people for support
Democracy
Rule by the people. Rule is based on citizenship. Majority rule decides vote. Practiced in Athens by about 500 b.c.