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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reformer of the Persian religion
Zoroaster
Israelite judge who defeated the Canaanites near Mount Tabor
Deborah
Developed monotheistic religion
Israelites
Seafaring traders
Phoenicians
Overland traders
Aramaeans
Developers of the three-person chariot
hitites
Preachers who arose during the Babylonian exile
Prophets
Divider of the Persian Empire into Provinces
Darius
Sppoken by most Fertile Crescent people until A.D. 800s
Aramaic
Child of David
Solomon
The israelite tribes were ruled by the judicial and military leaders called
Judges
the gold-rich Asia Minor Kingdom that prospered around 600 B.C. was called
Lydia
At its height, the persian empire encompassed about (pop)
50 Million people
The holy Jewish writings compiled around 400 B.C. are called the
Torah
Around 1200 B.C., the Aramaeans settled in what is now central
Syria
The Jewish festival of Passover celebrates...
The israelite exodus from egypt
By 650 B.C., the Assyrian empire stretched from...
The persian gulf to Egypt and into asia
The Israelite king who set up a capital in jerusalem was
David
The system of Trade that involved exchanging goods for other goods is called the
Barter
During the rule of king Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon became/was
known as the one of the world's most beautiful cities
King Cyrus II allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem in
539 B.C.
both the Hebrew and Arabic languages are closely related to
Aramaic
Persepolis, the magnificent capital of Persia, was built by
Darius
List 3 things that was characteristic of the Phoenicians
~Sailed on seas
~Improved Alphabet
~Setup Colonies
List 3 things the persians contributed to the Middle Eastern civilization
~Satraps
~War
~Avesta teachings
Group from which persians originated
Indo-Europeans
Phoenician City-state
Tyre
Successor of Mosses
Joshua
Includes the first five books of the Bible
Torah
Active trading peoples
Aramaeans and Phoenicians
Jewish escape from Egypt
Exodus
divisions of israelites
12 tribes
Neighbors in Canaan
Philistines and Phoenicians
Provincial governors of the Persian Empire
Cyrus and Darius
Built the hanging gardens
Nebuchadnezzar
Three phonician gods
~Baal
~Astarte
~Adonis
The capture of Nineveh marked ...
The end of the Assyrian empire
3 things that are true of the persians
1.more tolerant of conquered ppl.
2. Constructed 1500 mile royal highway
3. Possessed strict moral code.
1st Israelites settled in
Canaan
The economy of Phoenician civilization was based on
Mediterranean Shipping and trade
The hitites were best known for their
Military techniques and weapons
Scattering of Jewish communities outside their homeland
Diaspora
Christianity and Islam greatly influenced by judism's
monotheistic teachings
the assyrians earned a reputation for
extreme cruelty
portions of the Bible were written in
aramaic
According to the teachings of Zoroaster..
1. Humans had to chose between forces of good and evil
2. if choose good there is reward. if chose evil there is punishment
Caldean capital where Jews were taken into exile
Babylon
Around 2,000 B.C. the Persians settled in present day
Iran
The Greek Alphabed was based on the easy to learn 22 character alphabet system of the
Phoenicians