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56 Cards in this Set

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IRON CURTAIN
An invisible wall that divided the capitalist west from the communist east.
SATELLITE NATIONS
countries controlled politically and economically by the Soviet Union.
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
refusal to obey unjust laws
CONTAINMENT
The U.S. cold war policy of preventing communism from expanding past the borders set after World War II.
TOTALITARIAN STATE
when a one part dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of citizens
COMMUNISM
Type of government system where all wealth and property would be controlled by the community as a whole.
COLD WAR
An indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the Soviet Union from 1945 to the 1980s.
PROPAGANDA
The spreading of ideas to promote a cause or to damage an opposing cause.
TOTAL WAR
The channeling of a nation's entire resources into the war effort.
TRADE SURPLUS
Situation in which a country exports more than it imports.
NEUTRALITY
policy of supporting neither side in a war.
REPARATIONS
payments for losses in war
INTERDEPENDENCE
Dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world.
APARTHEID
system of racial segregation imposed on South Africans.
SELF DETERMINATION
right of people to choose their own form of government
IMPERIALSIM
Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
Why did imperialists want to expand into other territories?
New markets
Natural resources
Naval bases for fueling ships
Spread Christianity
Compare role citizens have in selecting leaders in dictatorships and absolute monarchies.
In both,the citizens have little or no role in selecting leaders.In dictatorships, leader obtains power by force and in absolute monarchy power is passed from generation to generation.
FOUR MAIN CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I
militarism
alliances
imperialism
nationalsim
MILITARISM
build up of military forces to protect colonies and prepare for war
ALLIANCES
formed to discourage outside attacks so countries could protect themselves
IMPERIALSIM
strong countries dominate weaker countries to obtain natural resources, markets, naval bases,etc.
NATIONALISM
pride and devotion to one's nation created competition and hatred among nations
Goods that are produced in a ____________ ___________ are unique and may be more expensive than factory-produced products.
COTTAGE INDUSTRY
What is one political consequence of imperialism?
INCREASED TENSIONS AMONG WESTERN POWERS.
Reliance on the production of a single cash crop, in many Latin American nations, has led to....
ECONOMIC DEPENDENCE ON OTHER NATIONS.
In a nation ruled by a dictatorship __ ______ _______ is likely to be found.
A SECRET POLICE
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ was the most crucial in bringing about U.S. participation in World War I.
GERMAN USE OF SUBMARINES AGAINST MERCHANT AND PASSENGER SHIPS
What was one factor that motivated U.S. imperialism during the late 19th and 20th centuries?
ACQUISITION OF NEW MARKETS AND SOURCES OF RAW MATERIALS.
What was a major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917?
EXISTENCE OF SHARP ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASSES
Why were many Indians angry at the British after World War I?
BRITAIN FAILED TO FULFILL ITS PROMISE TO GRANT INDIA GREATER SELF GOVERNMENT
Why did Gandhi undertake the Great Salt March?
TO END THE BRITISH SALT MONOPOLY
What was a protest urged by Gandhi?
A BOYCOTT OF BRITISH GOODS
Name the method Gandhi adopted in his struggle against British injustice?
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
The Balkan region was referred to as a powder keg because......
THERE WERE SEVERAL CONFLICTING INTERESTS IN THE REGION.
British control over South Africa, French control over Indochina, and Spanish control over Mexico are examples of_____
IMPERIALISM.
Part of the reason that fascism appealed to Italians was that it promised .....
A STRONG, STABLE GOVERNMENT.
What were the youth in Italy and Germany taught under fascism?
STRICK MILITARY DISCIPLINE
In trence warfare, why was it difficult to gain an advantage over the enemy?
THE MACHINE GUN MADE IT NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE FOR TROOPS TO ADVANCE.
Why was World War I more destructive than earlier wars?
BECAUSE MODERN WEAPONS WERE MORE DEADLY
Women gave up their jobs at the end of World War I because.....
THE RETURNING SOLDIERS WANTED THE JOBS.
Why did some colonists volunteer for service in World War I?
THEY HOPED TO WIN CITIZENSHIP OR INDEPENDENCE.
What is one factor that helped to start World War I?
AN ASSASSINATION
In what way did the Treaty of Versailles establish conditions that led to the outbreak of World War II?
IT IMPOSED HARSH REPARATIONS PAYMENTS ON GERMANY, WHICH LED TO ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY.
Fascism in Europe during the 1920's and 1930's is best described as a......
FORM OF TOTALITARIANISM THAT GLORIFIED THE STATE ABOVE THE INDIVIDUAL
The harsh conditions brought about by the Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation for...
THE RISE OF FASCISM GERMANY.
The rise of totallitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain in the 1920's and 1930's, was largely the result of......
SEVERE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT AROSE IN EUROPE AFTER WORLD WAR I.
What is one thing that led to the rise of dictators in Europe prior to World War II?
A WORLDWIDE ECONOMIC DEPRESSION.
The major rivals in the cold war were_________ and __________.
THE UNITED STATED AND RUSSIA.
What is generally a characteristic of a communist/command economy?
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES ARE INVOLVED IN PRODUCTION PLANNING.
How did dominating western imperialist nations try to modernize the lands they conquered?
IMPOSING WESTERN CULTURE ON SUBJECT PEOPLE.
What was the main intention of the alliances formed among European nations during WWI?
TO DISCOURAGE OUTSIDE ATTACKS.
During the mid-1930's, which characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany and Communist Russia?
ONE-PARTY SYSTEM THAT DENIED BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS.
Which document is an example of a primary source?
THE DIARY OF A SURVIVOR OF A NAZI DEATH CAMP.
The ideas of Social Darwinsim, the desire to spread Christianity. and the need for natural resources, were all causes of ___________.
IMPERIALSIM.
_______________is the production of specific things that a country can produce better than other countries and then sells these products to other countries.
SPECIALIZATION