Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/210

Click to flip

210 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This was the governments selected use of its of information, both true and false, to get people to back their countries war effort
Propaganda
This was the leader of the Bolsheviks who planned the Communist Revlution in Russia
Vladimir Lenin
France, Britain, and Russia were joined in this alliance
Triple Entente
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were joined in this alliance
Triple Alliance
This is a slow wearing down process in which each side in a war was trying to outlast the other
War of Attrition
This was the more radical group of the Russian revolutionaries and they had the slogan "peace, bread, land"
Bolsheviks
This action sparked WWI
Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
Which member of the triple-alliance fought on the side of the Allied powers?
Italy
This ship was developed to stop U-boats from sinking cargo ships
Convoy System
What problems cound an army encounter when using poison gas?
The wind could change direction and blow the poison onto you
Germany, Austria-hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria joined in this alliance
Central powers
Britain, Russia, France, Italy, and the US joined in this alliance
Allied powers
This was Russias elected legislative body and they refused to disband when the Czar told them to
Duma
These are political counsils in Russia and Lenin demanded that all power be turned over to them
soviets
How did one nationalism contribute to WWI?`
Intense feelings of patriotism and the belief that your county is better thn another caused people to believe that their country was powerful enough tot defeat an enemy
When A-H demanded that Serbia must fire teachers and gov oficials who spoke against A-H, must supress all goups that opposed A-H, and must allow A-H officials to participate in the trials of those accused in the assassination or else they would go to war A-H was given Serbia this
Ultimatum
Why did the war become a stalemate?
Neither side could gain any ground because they were evenly matched
As WWI continued, it became obvious that Russia had these problems
Not enough food, guns, or roads for the troops
Why did European countries engage in militarism?
They believed they could get what they wanted by having a strong army
These secret agreements between Eurpoean countris contributed to their belief that their combined military strength could beat any army
alliances
In the Zimmerman Telegram, Germany promised Mexico this if it would attack the USA
Regaining Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas
The World Coirt, created after WWI, determined cases involving
international law
This international body ws created after WWI to promite international cooperation and keep peace
League of Nations
Germany felt justified in shooting down American ships when American was officialy a neutral country because Germany believed these ships carried
contraband
This country withdrew from the war early
Russia
WHich country created the League of Nations was a permanent member of the council, but never joined the League of nations
USA
True or False: The Treaty of Versailles DID follow the fourteen points
false
True or False: In the Treaty of Versailles, Germany gained territory
false
Even though Germany did not start WWI, in the Treaty of Versailles it had to take all responsibility for starting the war and
pay reparations
What was the major downfall of the Treaty of Versailles?
The Allies didn't have the power to enforce the treaty
THE US strategy in the Pacific of capturing certain Japanese Islands and skipping others was known as
island hopping
The Free French Gov was located in
London, England
This was the 1928 agreement making war illegal
Kellog-Briand Pact
This was the Nazi progeam to dedstroy the entire Jewish population of Europe
Final Solution
American was slow to join the war because it was located far from Europe and it had a large number of perople who were oppoed to being involved in foreign affairs, known as
Isolationists
Hitler was able to annex Czechoslovakia and other nations because
No one stopped him
This law authorized the US president to supply war materials to Great Britain on credit
Lend-Lease Act
This is the nightly bombing f London in prepatation for a German land attack on Great Britain
Battle of Britain
This was the planned invasion of Northwest France with the purpose of moving toward Germany and defeating the Nazis
Operation overlord
US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met ona ship and issued this statement of democratic goals
Atlantic Charter
To keep America out of potention wars, expecially in Eurpoe, Congress passed the
Neutrality Acts
This American policy allowed for the sale of weapons only if the buying country paid in full and transported the weapons
Cash and Carry
Hitler wanted to move Germans into the Soviet union because he believed the German people needed more "living space" also known as
Lebensraum
Auschwitz, Treblinka, Buchenwald and Dachau were
concentration camps
The League of Nations responded to Hitler's move into Austria by
doing nothing
Germanys annexation of Austria was a violation of the
Treaty of Versailles
Hitler's systematic plan for killing all Jewish people in the concentration camps was outlined at the
Wannsee conference
The German Army suffered a severe loss against the Soviets in this battle
Stalingrad
Why does appeasment not work with Hitler?
When Hitler gets what he wants, it emboldens him to get mroe
Who belonged to the Axis powers?
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Who belonged to the Allied Powers?
USA, Great Britain, Soviet Union
V-E Day means
Victory in Europe Day
This is the French leader and general who formed the Free French government
Charles De Gaulle
This was the Germany battle plan of a "lightening war"
Blitzkrieg
USA Gerneral Dwight D. Eisenhower led American troops who, along with British troops, trapped Nazi General Rommel's troops and retook _______ for the Allies
North Africa
Italy was called the ____ because it was the weakest Axis power and so American and Great Britain invaded it first among Axis Nations
Soft Underbelly
In some countries such as Norway, and Denmark, the Nazi's were quickly able to take control because some people acted as _____ and helped the Nazi's overthrow their own governments
Collaborators
The Vichy French Government
Allied itself with Germany
V-J means
Victory in Japan day
The Free French
Fought against the Nazi's and lived in North Africa and Great Britain
This Conference was a major act of appeasement on the part of the British and French Czechoslovakia wasnt even present to voice an opion regerding its future
Munich conference
These were dropped on the Japanese as a way to get them to surrender
Atomic bombs
Hitler and Mussolini both ____ before WWII ended
died
When Hitler invaded this country, Great Britain and France finally declared war against Germany
Poland
The German-Soviet Nonaggression pact was an agreement to
Remain neutral
Concentration camps were organized into thse 2 types
Death, and Labor camps
When the Japanese conquered the Philippines they forced 78,000 prisoners of war to maarch 55 miles and 600 US soldiers and 10,000 Filipinos died. This incident is known as the
Bataan Death March
The Axis powers' anti-comiturn Pact was a pledge to fight
communism
Appeasement to
Give in to some demands to keep the peace
What does the political cartoon by Dr. Seuss efer to?
For American Industry to be most efficient, companise need to hire both black and white workers
During the Great depression, congress passed president Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal platform, part of which profided benefits for people 65+ years and unemployed under this program
Social Security Act
Because America did not have a history of gov help for the needy, when the Great Depression hit, many people had to find foot and charities and wait in
Breadlines
Part of thr cause of the Gret Depression can be traced to people borrowing money from banks and using this money to buy stocks. The people borrowing money asumed that
Stock prices would ocntinue to rise and they could sell the stock for a profit
What is a tariff?
A tax on imported goods
Why did American practice protectionism
The federal gov wanted to protect domestic industries and keep jobs in America
The end of WWI hurt which American job sector and was an early economic indicator of the Great depression?
Farmers
"My candly burns at both ends
It will not last the night;
But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends-
It gives a lovely light"

What does this poem say about the culture of thsi time?
People lived life to its fullest and spent every momeny busy doing somethin
This style of art glorified comunism and the USSR forced artists to create art in this style to prove their loyalty
Socialist realism
To keep Russians from coninuing to worship, which was banned under communism, the Soviet Union
Imprisoned or executed ministers, priests, and rabbis
This was the group of writers who wrote after WWI and expressed the disillusionment of the era
lost generation
This is an art form that features geometric designs and shows an object from different viewpoints at the same time
cubism
these were the modern young women who started wearing short hair and short dresses
flappers
This is the writing style of bringing conscious and unconscious ideas together in a dreamlike way
surrealism
This is when a building is designed for its specific use instead of in particular style
Functionalism
This is the writing technique that attempts to record everything that comes into a character's mind
stream of consciousness
When people borrowed money to invest in artifically high stocks, they were participating in
market speculation
Created by President Franklin. D. Roosevelt, these were a number of programs aimed at relif recovery, and reform of the American economy
New Deal
This was the practice of placing high tariffs on imported goods in the belief that this woudl protect domestic industries
Protectionism
Benito Mussolini created fascism in this country
Italy
THis is the time period lasting from 1929 to 1941 when prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose, all in a very brief period of time
Great depression
What is a bank run
When banks loan out too much mo ney and when people try to withdraw their investments, there is no money left
Black tuesday is the day
the Stock Market Crashed
Why did protectionism make the Great Depression worse?
When countries put up high tarrifs, they basically eliminated fireign markets for selling their goods
This style of nusic originated among the African American community in New Orleans and was the first distinct American musical form
Jazz
Under Lenin's new econic policy
Some free enterprise was allowed
Under communism, the Soviet union established this type of economy where the government controls all economic decisions
Command economy
Stalin's paranoia led to the lerge-scale elimination of so-called "traitors" in the
Purges
True or fales: religion was encouraged and people worshiped freely in the Soviet union
False
Under totalitaian governments, art and the news are always
Censored
This is a form of government where the military needs, values, and goals shape a nation's civil lifestyles and its domestic and international policies
Militarism
This government was strongly nationalistic and militaristic, opposed communism, and democracy, and it relied on dictorial rule to maintain rigid control of the peopl through force and censorship
Fascism
This government was nationalistic, militaristic, opposed to fascism and democrazy, and its economical and political system had somplete control over the means of production and economic planning
communism
This government was extremely nationalistic, anti-semetic, and anticommunist, and it rose to power in germany in the 1920s
Nazism
When the government controls all aspects of a nation-the economy, laws, and personal lives of its citizens- this type of gov is known as
totalitarian
This was the leader of the Nazi Party
Adolf Hitler
At the Nuremberg tials
Nazi leadesr were tried for crimes against humanity
The war if ideas between the US and the Soviet union was the
cold war
The soviet unions response to the NATO treaty was to
adopt the warsaw pact
East germany trie to keep people from escapion to the west by
buildint the berlin wall
the US policy of restricting the spread of communism was called
containment
At the time of independence the pople of India were divided by
religion
the marshall plan helped eurpoe recover
economically
The truman doctrine stated that the US would
help prevent the spreead of communism
The west believed that Stalins "buffer nations" were a prelude to
the expansion of communism
True or False: According to containment policy if an easter eurpoean country tried to overthrow communism, the US would proved monetary and military ade
false
The distribution of food and materials to west berlin when east germany cut it off from west germany was the
berlin airlift
India's policy against alliance with the US or USSR was called
nonalignment
A combination of nationalized and private industry is called a
mixed economy
this international organization was created to maintiain international peace and security after WWII
United Nations
At this converence the USA, Great Britain, and Soviet Union, agreed upon Germany's post-war future
Postdam Conference
This UN body had 10 rotating members and five perment members and the permanent members had the veto power
Security council
This UN body included all memeber nations and each nation had one vote, regardless of size
General assembly
This is the power to defeat a measure in a single vote
Veto
After WWII, Great Britain became a welfare state, which means
the gov. took primary responsibbility for the social welfare citizens
After WWII, the French gov could be characterized as
unstable
Agfter Josef Stalin's death, the new communist leader condemmed Stalin for crimes against the Soviet people, freed political prisioners, and lifter restrictions on artists, these policies are known as
destalinization
Eastern european countries and the soviet union had this econic system
communism
Western European countries and the USA had this ecomonic system
capitalism
both USSR and the USA had this
nuclear bombs
This American Senator accused people of communist activites without any real evidence and provoked a national scare
Joseph McCarthy
This US Supreme court case started the modern civil rights moement by declaring that separate schools for black and white children were inherently unequal
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
This man was the most famous civil rights leader of the 1950s and 1060s and won the nobel peace prize in 1964
Martin Luther King Jr.
The Soviet union built nuclear missle sites in Suba and when the US demanded tht the USSR remove the missles or face nuclear war, the world waited in what is now known as the most dangeroud moment of the cold war
Cuban Missle Crisis
One major issue for Canada was that many of the French Speaking people of Quebec watned
to create a separate nation of Quebec
This group within India watned a separate country for Muslims
Muslim League
THis movement started by Mohandas Gandhi wanted Great Britain to leave India immediately
Quit India
India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have all ha this in common
Female Prime Ministers
This political party was outlawed in Germany after WWII
Nazi
The soviet union used Eastern Eurpoe as a____ to western eurpoe
buffer zone
True of false: The US and USSR never directly fought one another during thre cold war
true
At the beginning of the Industrical revolution, Great Britain jhad entrepreneurship, technology, land, labor, and capital conditions called the
factors of production
National and state governments share power in this system of government
federal
This man represented the ideological center of the revolution and led the reigh of terror
Robespierre
This is when people give up their own culture completely and adopt another culture
assimilation
The soviet union used Eastern Eurpoe as a ___ to westen Eurpoe
buffer zone
This is the American who invented the telegraph and a syustem for encoding the alphabet
Morse
As Russia retreated, Russian soldiers burned and destroyed everything Napoleon's Army might ned, known as the _____ policy
scorched earth
This allowed farmers to produc more crops using the same amount of land
crop rotation
Infia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have all had this in common, ____ Prime Ministers
Female
Only white males who owned propwety were guarenteed the right to ___ when America was founded
vote
This is the ownership of several companies that make the same product
horizontal integreation
This elected officials job is to enforce laws
president
In thei manufaturing system, each item is made at a differnet location in the factory and then all the pieces are prought together in one room to assmeblt them
division of labor
Congress is partof this branch of governmetn
legislative
This philosopher believed that the peopel make a social contract where they give a leaader aosolute poweer and their only right was to protect their own lives
hobbes
This is the ocncept of the peopel of a country electing and controllin a government
popular soverignty
this si when a nation has a special interest in a part of colony and other nations agree to respect those interests
spheres of influences
This philosopher believed that when a social contract is amde, people don't give up their individual rights and if the ruler does nto uphold undividuals rightsd, then the peopel ahaev the right to overthrow the ruler
locke
thsi branch of gov interprests the laws
judicial
a violent overthrow of the gov
coup de tat
thers are colnies in which a small number of eurpoean officials rule the non-european people
dependent
this is a businessthat allows people to buy stock int he company
corporation
This is ownership of business involved in each step of th manufacturing process
vertical integration
Adam smith described this economic concept when he said "every individual is contunalyy exerting himself to find out the msot advantage, indeed, and not that of the society, which he has in view. But the study of hsi own advantage, naturally or rather necessarily, leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to society."
invisible hand
This act protected individuals from unfiar arrest and imprisonment
habeas corpus
According to karl marx, this is the name for the factory owners that oppress the workers
bourgeiosie
this ia love for ones country rather then ones native region
nationalism
this was the isolated event of violence when crowds broke into a paris prson wnd stole weapons, released prisoners, and destroyed the prison
storming of the bastille
in the form of gov, a nation still has a king or queen, but the king/queen does not have absolute control and most power is held by an elected gov
limited constitutional monarchy
this philosopher believed that people are naturally good, but are corrupted by environment, education, and laws. The only way for people to stay good is to ewlet their own gov's based on popular sovereignty
rousseau
these are colonies in whicn local rulers keep their titles, but a foreign power really controls the area
protectorate
this is the time period during the french revolution where terror and execution were used to control the people of france
reign of terror
these are colonies where large groups of people from one county are living togeter in a new place
settlement
these are identical parts that can replace eachother
intercahngeable parts
this is the east african nation that was not under imperial control
ethiopia
this is the term for the belief that the gov should not interfere with the operation of business
laizzes-faire
This is the term used to describe: banks loan out too much money, and when people try to withdraw their investments, there is no money left
bankrun
This style of art glorified communism and the USSR forced artists to create art in this style to prove their loyalty
socialist realism
This is when a building is designed for its specific use insted of aparticular style
functionalism
Benito Mussolini created fascism in this country
Italy
Under communism, the Soviet Union established this type of economy where the gov. controls all economic decisions
command economy
This is the name for the day that the Stock Market crashed
Black Tuesday
This is the tiem peirod lasting from 1929-1941 when prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose
the great depression
under totalitarian gov, art and the news are always
censored
Stalin's paranoia led to the large-scale elimination of so-called "traitors" in the...
purges
g
r
When people borrowed money to invest in artificially high stocks, they were participating in
market speculation
During the 1920s and 1930s, the federal gov wanted to protect domestic industries an dkeep jobs in america and so it practiced
surrealism
During the great depression, congress passed president Roosevelt's New Deal platform, part of which provded benefits for people 65+ years and unemployment under this program
Social Security Act
This American senator accused people of communist activities without any evidence and provoked a national scare
McCarthy
After WWI, the French gov could be characterized as...
unstable
Western European countries and the USA had this economic system
capitalism
After Joseph stalin's death, the new communist leader condemned Stalin for crimes against the Soviet people, freed political prisoners, and lifted restrictions on artists. These policies are known as
destalinization
This man was the most famous civil rights leader of teh 1950s and 1960s and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
Martin Luther King jr.
The League of nations responded to Hitler's move into Austria by doing
Nothing
This si the name for a government that takes primary responsibility for the social welface of its citizens
welfare state
This international organization was created to maintain international peace and security after WWII
United Nations
Italy was called the ____ because it was the weakest Axis power and so America and Great Britain invaded ti first among the Axis nations
soft underbelly
This french gov fought against the Nazis and lived in North Africa and Great Britain
Free French
Hitler's systematic plan for killing all Jewish peple int he concentration camps was outlined in the ______ conference
Wannsee
Germany's annexation of Austria was a violation of the Treaty of---
Versailles
This is the power to defeat a measure in a single vote
veto
USA Gerneal Dwight S. Eisenhower led American troops who along wih British troops, trapped Nazi General Rommel's troops and retook ____ for the alies
North Africa
This UN body had 10 rotating members and 5 permanent members and the permenenet members had veto powers
secutiry council
This UN body included all member nations and each nation had 1 vote, regardless of size
general assembly
This Frehnch gov allied itself with Germany
Vichy
A combination of nationalized and private industry is called a
mixed economy
Amreica was slow to join the war because it was located far away from Europe and it had a large number of people who were opposed to being involved in foreign afairs known as
isolationists
East Germany tried to keep people from excaping to the west by building this
the berlin wall
The West believed that Stalin's "buffer nations" were a prelude to the _____ of communism
expansion