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30 Cards in this Set

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1492
Christopher Columbus discovered American continents. (Italian Explorer)
1776
American colonies declared independence from England
1861-1865
Civil War
Abolition
movement to end slavery. (leading to the Civil War)
Well known abolitionist
Fredrick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman
John Adams
Founding fathers, helped draft Declaration of Independence.
First VP, Second President
Alamo
San Antonio, TX
1800s TX belonged to Mexico, Americans held off Mexican army until Americans including Davy Crocket were killed
Algonquins
American Indian people living in eastern Canada. Allies of French government in a war against England (Colonial times)
Apaches
American Indian people in southwest United States. Many fought the U.S. army in the late 1800s instead of moving on the reservations.
Johnny Appleseed
nickname of an American pioneer and folk hero of the early 1800s. Traveled through frontier America planting apple trees and starting orchards. (John Chapman)
Appomattox Court House
Central Virginia. Where Civil War came to an end in 1865 when Southern general Robert E Lee surrendered to the Northern general Ulysses S. Grant
Arapahos
American Indian people in western Great Plains. Former buffalo hunters who followed traditional Plains Indian way of life
Benedict Arnold
American general of the Revolutionary War and a famous traitor. 1780 was given command of an American fort which he planned to give to the Brittish. He escaped and lived in exile in England and Canada
Articles of Confederation
When 13 colonies declared their independence from England, the Articles formed the basis of the national gov. It was soon replaced with the Constitution.
Crispus Attucks
black sailor and one of five colonists who were killed by the British in the Boston Massacre
Benjamin Banneker
black mathematician and scientist of the late 18th-19th centuries. He was sited by the abolitionist as being proof of the intellectual equality of blacks
Bill of Rights
1st 10 ammendments to the Constitution. these offered more protection for individual rights.
Blackfeet
American Indian people of the northern Great Plains. former buffalo hunters who followed the traditional Plains Indian way of life
Daniel Boone
pioneer of the late 1700s and early 1800s who explored and settled Kentucky
John Wilkes Booth
assassinated President Abraham Lincoln in 1865. He was a well known actor who supported Slavery and the Confederacy
Boston Massacre
occurred in 1770. British troops fired into a crowd killing five people including Crispus Attucks. The killings increased the tensions between the British and the colonists leading up to the Revolutionary War
Boston Tea Party
led to the Revolutionary War. A group of Americans who wanted to protest English taxes and other laws boarded three British ships in Boston Harbor and dumped more than three hundred chests of tea overboard.
Battle of Bunker Hill
one of the first battles of the Revolutionary War. American soldiers defended a hill near Boston against two British attacks. British took the hill on the third attack. It proved that the Americans could fight effectively against the British.
Cherokees
American Indian people southeast U.S. 1830s American gov. forced them to move west to Oklahoma. The route is now called the Trail of Tears.
Cheyennes
American Indian people of the western and northern Great Plains. fought alonside the Sioux in the Battle of the Little Bighorn
Civil War
between North(Union) and South(Confederate)from 1861 to 1865. Main issue dividing them was slavery. South seceded from the U.S. and formed a new nation called the Confederacy. After 4 years, the South surrendered at Appomattox Court House
Confederacy
Seceded in 1860 and 1861 to form a new nation. SC was the first to secede, then MS,FL, AL,GO,LA,TX,VI,AK,NC,TN
Constitution
Established the national government of the U.S. Written and adopted after the Rev. War
Constitutional Convention
1787 gathering of delegates from 12 of the 13 original states. In Philadelphia and resulted in the drafting of the Const. of the U.S.
Continental Army
military force led by George Washington that defeted the British in the Rev War