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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
to exclude
~を除く、除外する、抜かす
intelligence quotient (IQ)
知能指数
kinesthetic
運動感覚の
intrapersonal
個人内の
interpersonal
個人間の、人間関係の
to excel in the intelligence
その知能・知性に秀でる
diagram
rigid idea
柔軟性のない考え
to emcompass
網羅する、含む
to account for
を説明することが
on a daily basis
日々
curricula
curriculum の複数形
abundant
豊富な、富んだ、たくさんの、豊かな、十分な
to hold sth/sb in equal esteem
を平等に尊重する
prospect for good employment
良い就職への見込み、可能性
in recent years
ここ数年、近年は、近年に至って、昨今の
naturalistic intelligence
自然主義的知能 (= harmony with the environment)
existential intelligence
実存主義的知能 (= understanding of spiritual issues)
moral intelligence
道徳的知能 (= respect for others)
to outline
~の要点[概要・あらまし]を述べる・説明する、~を概説する、要点をまとめる
in large part
主に、大いに
to dismiss
〔要求などを〕却下する、棄却する、はねつける
consistently
(首尾)一貫して、常に、相変わらず、堅実に、相次いで、あくまで、かたくなに、毅然として、連続して
to embrace
= to accept
distict
= separate
Munchausen syndrome
ミュンヒハウゼン症候群
present
存在している
medical attention
治療、医療
be named after
にちなんで名前が付けられる
to invent
~をでっち上げる
there is little known about
~についてはあまり知られていない
personality disorder (PD)
人格障害
to suspect
~ではないかと疑う[うすうす感じる]、~だろうと思う
childhood trauma
子供時代のトラウマ
to suffer from
~に苦しむ、~を患う、~に悩まされる
to have experience with hospitalization
入院の経験がある
to crave sympathy
~同情を強く望む、~を切望する
to put oneself in danger
危険に身をさらす
to undergo surgery on my foot
足の手術を受けた
to engage in
~に従事する、~に携わる
to put through a test
~テストを受けさせる
at risk for
《be ~》~の危険(性)がある
deception
偽装
a large part of
~の大部分
a number of
多くの~
to be dishonest with
~に不正直な、誠意の感じられない、いいかげんな
reluctant
気乗りしない、気が進まない、渋っている、しぶしぶの、心残りがする
to dishonor
~に屈辱を与える、~の名誉を汚す
to articulate my thoughts clearly
自分の考えを明確に話す
assessment
評価、査定
to be prone to
~しがちな、~する傾向がある、~の傾向がある、~しやすい、~のくせがある
to opt for
~を選ぶ
dishonesty
不正直、不誠実、不正、うそ、詐欺
to be helpful in making the psychological diagnosis
心理学的診察をするのに役に立つ、参考になる
in part
ある程度
in part because
一つには~の理由で
underlying cause
隠れた、裏に潜んだ原因
to provoke
~を引き起こす、招く、起こさせる、誘発する
literary theory
文芸
the lens of
の視点から
schools
学派、流派 (= groups with shared brielfs)
New Criticism
新批判主義:New Criticism was a popular approach to literary theory in the early 1900s. This approach requires readers to examine details of a text closely. It is believed that all relevant information about a text is contained within it. Those who seek to understand the text genuinely are strongly discouraged from seeking outside information. It is believed that the text should be valued for what is contained in it. Therefore, analysis of the author or the time, in relation to the text, is not appropriate. This approach is admired for its rigorous examination of content, but it has also been criticized for ignoring the context of the text
Structuralism
構造主義:With Structuralism, readers identify the underlying formula of the text. In a sense, they reduce the text to its most basic storyline. Using this approach, readers often compare the text to other texts with similar underlying storylines. It is not uncommon for these readers to compare a modern text with a well-respected text that is much older. Through these comparisons, the reader may identify if the text has originality or if it is simply a modification of an older story.
Post-structuralism
ポスト構造主義
Marxism
マルキシズム、マルクス主義:This theory is based on the social theories of Karl Marx. Briefly, he was concerned with how society was structured around economics. He criticized how class systems were maintained and how they affected power and politics. So, with Marxist literary theory, readers examine the characters in text and their relationship to social power. This approach often highlights the powerlessness of the poor, the abuse of power by the wealthy, and the general inequalities in societies.
Feminism
男女同権主義、フェミニズム、女性解放主義:Feminism is generally seen as a reaction to the marginalization of women. This approach to literary criticism argues that women authors have been systematically excluded from the canon of literature. Therefore, they prioritize reexamining the canon and ensuring that female voices are represented. Traditionally, literature was accepted as serious literature only if it was written by men. There are even a number of well-respected women authors who wrote using men's names because they were not able to publish as women. Another movement in feminist literary theory is reading texts with a focus on the female characters. This can mean going back to traditionally popular texts and reconsidering the role of women in the texts. Since most of these texts were written by men, the stories are usually told from the man's perspective. Feminist theory would recommend looking at the same story from the female characters' perspective.
New Historicism
新歴史主義
Deconstructionism
脱構築主義
Psychoanalytical
精神分析的
Reader-response
読者反応の:Reader-response theory argues that meaning in a text is dependent on the reader. This is radically different from New Criticism, which argues that all meaning is found within the text. Reader-response theorists believe that it is harmful to give readers rigid structures for evaluating texts. Instead, readers should be encouraged to experiment with a text and come to their own unique meaning. This approach makes context a very important part of the reading experience. Since each reader will approach a text with a very different set of experiences and beliefs, each interpretation will be unique.
rigorous
正確な、厳密な、綿密な
canon of literature
文学の規範、法律、規則
to ensure
~を確かにする、確実にする、保証する、請け合う、約束する、裏付ける
radically
根本的に、徹底的に、急進的に